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Token - 1 Penny, Gippsland Hardware Co, Port Albert & Sale, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 29295

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by Gippsland Hardware Co, Port Albert & Sale, 1862. Gardner asserts that this business was founded in Port Albert in 1859 by James McEwan & Co., Ironmongers, of Melbourne. They sent two Scots, John Thompson and John Neill, to manage the store, replacing Thompson with his brother James after a short time. Both Neill and Thompson returned to Melbourne and the business passed into the management of William Rigg, until it was sold to Nehemiah Guttheridge, a resident of Sale. Guttheridge opened a branch of the store in his own town and took a chemist named Wood as his partner. Gardner believes that it was these two who issued the store's tokens in 1862. As Port Albert declined and Sale grew, the business in the former place was sold off. Mr Guttheridge is said to have been the first Mayor of Sale.

Previous Collections: Hon William M.K. Vale
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: Gippsland Hardware Company, Port Albert & Sale. The reverse features a plough with the motto TRADE & AGRICULTURE around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. GIPPS LAND is given as two words. Some black spotting on reverse.
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 15.33 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: hardware stores, ploughs
Themes this item is part of: Gippsland Hardware Co., Port Albert & Sale, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, William Mountford Kinsey Vale, Politican (1833-1895)
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within a line circle in four lines, PORT / ALBERT / & / SALE around, : GIPPS LAND : HARDWARE COMPANY
Reverse Description: At centre a plough, around above, TRADE & AGRICULTURE around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: GIPPS LAND HARDWARE COMPANY PORT ALBERT & SALE
Reverse: TRADE & AGRICULTURE T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Gippsland Hardware Company, Port Albert, South Gippsland, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: Honourable William Vale
References: The trade token issue for the Gippsland Hardware Company required two obverse dies and two reverse dies to produce. The dies are distinguished quite simple:
Obverse A: GIPPS LAND is two words (2.0 mm seperate the S and L)
Obverse B: GIPPSLAND is one word (0.4 mm seperate S and L)
Reverse 1: Depicts a plough
Reverse 2: Stokes Stock Arms 6
The following combinations were struck in 1862: A/1 (this token), A/Arms 6, B/Arms 6
The obverse die is cracked on all examples of A/1 examined but is not cracked on A/Arms 6 tokens. From the die deterioration the order of token production was A/Arms 6 then A/1 with die axis 12 and finally A/1 with die axis 06. The change of die axis may relate to an attempt to repair or reinforce the breaking die.
In the early Twentieth Century re-striking occured with obverse B, one original strike with B/Arms 6 has been examined (NU3752).
Bibliography:
  1. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 193
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 82
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 146

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