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Surcharged Token - 1 Penny, Professor Holloway's, Pills & Ointment, London, W.H.Kernot, Chillwell, Victoria, Australia, circa 1857 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18826

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token minted by J. Moore of Birmingham. Issued to promote Professor Holloway's pills and ointments in 1857, it has been surcharged KERNOT CHILLWELL and W.H.K.

Holloway tokens are presumed to have been circulated worldwide throughout retailers of Holloway products. Holloway's tokens were produced in large numbers and have proven the most common token finds on Melbourne archaeological sites.
Description:
A round copper striking of a Professor Holloway token (34 mm diameter). The token features a profile head of Professor Holloway and a rendition of the classical goddess Hygeia (the ancient Greek goddess of health) seated looking at snake drinking from a cup she holds in her left hand, the snake is curled around a burning altar, an orb rests on altar on her right side. The legend promotes Holloway's pills and ointments and gives the date 1857. Surcharged KERNOT CHILLWELL and W.H.K.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 16.22 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: healthcare medicine, surcharged tokens
Themes this item is part of: Medicine in Society Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Joseph Moore, Medal Designer (1817-?), Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1857 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Head of Professor Holloway facing left with J. MOORE (the maker's name) incuse on neck truncation; around, PROFESSOR HOLLOWAY; below, LONDON, surcharged KERNOT CHILLWELL
Reverse Description: Hygeia (the ancient Greek goddess of health) seated looking at snake drinking from a cup she holds in her left hand, the snake is curled around a burning altar, an orb rests on altar on her right side, around; HOLLOWAY'S PILLS AND OINTMENTS, in exergue, 1857. The maker's initials, J.M. incuse on the right of the exergue line, surcharged W.H.K.
Inscriptions: Obverse: PROFESSOR HOLLOWAY LONDON J. MOORE surcharged KERNOT CHILLWELL
Reverse: HOLLOWAY'S PILLS AND OINTMENTS 1857 surcharged W.H.K.
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Professor Holloway, London, England, Great Britain, 1857
Mint: J. Moore (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1857
Surcharged By: W Kernot - Chemist, Geelong, Victoria, Australia, circa 1857-1862

'W.H. Kernot was a Chemist at Chillwell, Geelong' - A. Andrews, Australisian Tokens, p.144.
Place & Date Used: Victoria, Australia, circa 1857-1890s
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Holloway's tokens were struck in such large numbers that the minting technique of hubbing was clearly employed. In this a master tool, having the full appearance of the final token for the obverse and reverse is manufactured in steel. This is then used to prepare working dies. This technique makes the identification of individual dies from variations in rim bead counts or alignment of lettering impossible. Researchers have noted minor variations in the lowest relief areas of the tokens that may be the result of variations of quality of the die production off the hub (Heyde p. 49) or minor tooling.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No.1144
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, p.49 Pages

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