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Surcharged Token - 1 Penny, J. McFarlane, Wholesale & Retail Grocer, Melbourne, circa 1851 stamped 'W.Kernot', Chillwell, Victoria, Australia, circa 1850s Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18825

Summary:
Copper One Penny Surcharged Token minted by an unknown British mint. Issued by J. McFarlane, Wholesale & Retail Grocer, in Melbourne, Victoria, circa 1851. Surcharged W.H.K. & W. KERNOT circa 1857.

McFarlane arrived in Melbourne in 1841 and sent goods to the goldfields during the rushes, in addition to his business in the city. He was probably the second Melbourne merchant to issue tokens. McFarlane appeared before the insolvents court in 1956 but reopened his business a few weeks later.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: J. McFarlane, corner Elizabeth and Lonsdale Streets Melbourne, wholesale and retail grocer. The reverse features a female figure standing, facing. She holds an olive branch raised in her right hand and rests her left on the head of a gambolling lamb. A tame lion steps from behind her below the olive branch. This token has been surcharged W.H.K. & W. KERNOT.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 18.18 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: grocers, retail trade, retailing, surcharged tokens, wholesale trade
Themes this item is part of: J. McFarlane, Wholesale & Retail Grocer, Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
DateEra: circa 1851 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre in 3 lines; J. McFARLANE / WHOLESALE & RETAIL / GROCER around, CORNER OF ELIZABETH & LONSDALE STS . MELBOURNE surcharged W. KERNOT
Reverse Description: The reverse features a female figure in long flowing dress standing, facing. She holds an olive branch raised in her right hand and rests her left on the head of a gambolling lamb. A tame lion steps from behind her below the olive branch. ; around, PEACE AND PLENTY surcharged W.H.K.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: J. McFARLANE WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCER CORNER OF ELIZABETH & LONSDALE STS. MELBOURNE surcharged W. KERNOT
Reverse: PEACE AND PLENTY surcharged W.H.K.
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: J. McFarlane, Wholesale & Retail Grocer, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1850-1851
Surcharged By: W Kernot - Chemist, Geelong, Victoria, Australia, circa 1857

'W.H. Kernot was a Chemist at Chillwell, Geelong' - A. Andrews, Australisian Tokens, p.144.
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Brief bio. of J. McFarlane by Gardner, F., originally published in The Australian Storekeepers and Traders Journal, c.1910 - 1914, republished in The Australian Coin Review, June 1970, p. 17.; The Argus, 16 December 1856, p.5 (photocopy) - record of insolvency meeting 15/12/1856; Sharples, J., "Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens' in Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia, Vol. 7, December 1993, pp.49 - 50.

Records indicate that McFarlane was in business at this address in 1850 and 1851. He was probably the second Melbourne merchant to issue tokens (the first being Annand, Smith & Co. in 1849). Sharples JNAA.7, p. 49 Kernot also surcharged Holloway tokens dated 1857, Andrews No.1144 p. 144.

"W.H. Kernot was a Chemist at Chillwell, Geelong" A. Andrews, Australisian Tokens, p.144
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 360
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 145/1
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 110

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