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Surcharged Token - 1 Penny, Professor Holloway's, Pills & Ointment, London, J.T.Thomas, Geelong, Victoria, Australia, circa 1857 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18822

Copper One Penny Token minted by J. Moore of Birmingham. Issued to promote Professor Holloway's pills and ointments in 1857, it has been surcharged J.T. THOMAS AGENT GEELONG.

Holloway tokens are presumed to have been circulated worldwide throughout retailers of Holloway products. Holloway's tokens were produced in large numbers and have proven the most common token finds on Melbourne archaeological sites.
A squashed round copper striking of a Professor Holloway token (now c. 39 mm diameter). The token featured a profile head of Professor Holloway and a rendition of the classical goddess Hygeia (the ancient Greek goddess of health) seated. Surcharged in three lines J.T. THOMAS / AGENT / GEELONG
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 39 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 16.24 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: surcharged tokens
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Joseph Moore, Medal Designer (1817-?), Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1857 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Squashed flat head of Professor Holloway facing left around, [PR]OFESSO[R HOLLOWAY]; below, [LONDON], surcharged in three lines J.T.THOMAS / AGENT / GEELONG
Reverse Description: Squashed
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: OFESSO surcharged in three lines J.T. THOMAS / AGENT / GEELONG
Shape: Irregular
Material: Copper
Issued By: Professor Holloway, London, England, Great Britain, 1857
Mint: J. Moore (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1857
Surcharged By: J. Thomas - Holloway's Pills and Ointment, Geelong, Victoria, Australia, circa 1857
Place & Date Used: Victoria, Australia, circa 1857-1890s
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Holloway's tokens were struck in such large numbers that the minting technique of hubbing was clearly employed. In this a master tool, having the full appearance of the final token for the obverse and reverse is manufactured in steel. This is then used to prepare working dies. This technique makes the identification of individual dies from variations in rim bead counts or alignment of lettering impossible. Researchers have noted minor variations in the lowest relief areas of the tokens that may be the result of variations of quality of the die production off the hub (Heyde p. 49) or minor tooling.
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No.1221
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, p.49 Pages

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