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Token - 1 Penny, T. Warburton, Iron & Zinc Spouting Works, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 11604

Summary:
Australia Victoria Melbourne
T. Warburton Token Penny, 1862 (AD)
Mint: Thomas Stokes

Standard References: Andrews 595 = Heyde 261/1 = Sharples V.179
Other Details: Die combination C / Vine 1 see notes tab for details.
Description:
A copper trade token penny (32 mm diameter) featuring the name address and business of the issuer: T. Warburton, 11 Little Bourke St. West, Melbourne, Iron & Zinc Spouting Works. The reverse is from a Stokes stock die Vine 1: At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with eleven large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, breaking the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER. 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE around above, VICTORIA 1862. This is the only stock vine die to not have the Latin motto IN VINO VERITAS. This token has been cleaned and the obverse has re-toned dark green and red
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 15.293 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: housing, iron zinc spouting, plumbing, urban development
Themes this item is part of: Thomas Warburton, Iron & Zinc Spouting Works, Melbourne, Victoria, Domestic & Community Life Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within a line circle T. WARBURTON 11 LITTLE COLLINS ST WEST around, IRON & ZINC SPOUTING WORKS : MELBOURNE :
Reverse Description: At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with eleven large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, breaking the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER. 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE around above, VICTORIA 1862. Border of 120 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 8. This is the only stock vine die to not have the Latin motto IN VINO VERITAS. When struck the reverse die had chipped on the edge from 04 to 06 and 11 to 02.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: T. WARBURTON 11 LITTLE COLLINS ST WEST MELBOURNE IRON & ZINC SPOUTING WORKS
Reverse: VICTORIA . 1862 T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE.
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Thomas Warburton - Iron & Zinc Spouting Works, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: Andrews 595 = Heyde 261/1 = Sharples V.179

T. Warburton advertised in the Melbourne Directory for 1862 as a galvanised iron spout maker. The same year he employed Stokes to strike a large order of penny tokens. Three obverse dies were needed to complete the order using Stokes stock reverse dies for the reverses. In all seven combinations of dies have been confirmed with an additional two reported by Andrews and repeated by Heyde (with the rider Not Seen) rejected by Sharples (JNAA.7.67-8).
Identification of the obverse die employed for a particular token can be made by following the steps:
1. If there is no stop after the abbreviation ST of BOURKE ST it is obverse C
2 If there is a stop and the word WEST is 11.0 mm long it is obverse B
3. If there is a stop and the word WEST is 11.8 mm long it is die A (this die cracked down the left side through the letters NC od ZINC through the W, T and B to the I of IRON if present this die crack is a clear identifier of obverse A.)
The museum storage and standard references are based on these die identifications.

The following die combinations with stock Stokes reverses (Numbered according to Sharples JNAA.7 pp. 5 -10) have been confirmed: A/Emu 1 (two weight standards), B/Sheaf 1, B/Arms 6, C/ Emu 1, C/Vine 1, C/Vine 2 and C/Sheaf 1
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77.

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