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Surcharged Token - 'D. Wood' on 1 Penny, Robert Andrew Mather, Family Draper, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, circa 1860 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18808

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons, Birmingham, circa 1860. Issued by R. Andrew Mather, Family Draper, Hobart, Tasmania. Surcharged D. Wood. The Mather family firm was established in 1823 by Robert Andrew Mather Snr, who had arrived in Hobart with his wife Ann in 1822. Robert Andrew Mather Jnr was born and educated in Tasmania and managed the business from the late 1840s until his retirement in 1876, when his sons Robert and Thomas took control, changing the name of the store to Andrew Mather and Co.. Thomas retired from the business in 1894, and Robert was still managing the store in 1910, assisted by his two sons.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name and business of the company which issued the tokens: R. Andrew Mather & Co. Hobart Town, Family Drapers. The reverse depicts a female figure representing Justice standing facing left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm is draped to near the elbow while drapery falls from her extended arm to below the horizon line behind; around above, TASMANIA. A three-masted sailing ship on horizon at left of token. This token has been surcharged D. Wood
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 15.26 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: drapers, retail trade, retailing, surcharged tokens
Themes this item is part of: Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Robert Andrew Mather, Draper, Hobart, Tasmania (?-1884), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Tasmania
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1860 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre, FAMILY / DRAPER / &c.; around above, . R. ANDREW MATHER. around below, HOBART TOWN
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice standing facing left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm is draped to near the elbow while drapery falls from her extended arm to below the horizon line behind; around above, TASMANIA. A three-masted sailing ship on horizon at left of token. Surcharged D. Wood
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: R. ANDREW MATHER FAMILY DRAPER &c HOBART TOWN
Reverse: TASMANIA surcharged D. Wood
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Robert Mather, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, circa 1860
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, circa 1860
Surcharged By: D. Wood, Australia
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: The R. Andrew Mather token penny issue required three obverse but apparently only one reverse dies for its production. The identification of the dies is the key to both the standard references to the tokens and the museum's storage. They can be identified as follows:
Obverse Border F of FAMILY to A Tail of R Other
A 136 beads 1.5 mm Level with top of DRAPER
B 134 beads 1.5 mm Just above top of DRAPER die cracked rim to bead before H
C 135 beads 1.0 mm Just above top of DRAPER


The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1, B/1 (this token), C/1
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 357 and No. 1261
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 163/1

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