Where is it from?

Association locations map

Tags

Add your own tags:
Separate multiple tags using a comma

Surcharged Token - 1 Penny, Smith, Peate & Co, Grocers, Tea & Wine Merchants, Sydney, circa 1857, Wilson, Engraver, Sydney, Australia Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18807

Summary:
Copper one Penny token, minted by Heaton & Sons of Birmingham, circa 1857. Issued by Smith, Peate & Co. Grocers, Tea & Wine Merchants in Sydney. Surcharged 'Wilson Engraver 390 Pitt S'. In 1852 Edward A. Smith joined Thomas Peate to form Smith, Peate and Co., Shipping and Family Grocers and Wine Merchants, in Sydney. Their grandfathers, Captain George Peate and William Smith, had been the owners of a trading vessel Sally from 1820-1825. During the 1860s the business did well and claimed the patronage of 'His Excellency, the Governor in Chief.' The business continued without substantial change until 1880 when a new partner was brought in and the business became Peate and Harcourt. In 1886 W.H. Peate, son of Thomas, moved the business to larger premises, and in 1893 T.J. Turton became a partner in the firm. The Smiths and Harcourt had all retired from the business by this time. The Business closed in 1897 and the building was demolished.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token design featuring the name, address, business and foundation date of the issuer: Smith, Peate and Co., 258 & 260 George Street Sydney, grocers, tea dealers, wine merchants. The reverse depicts Justice standing facing left, blindfolded and extending balanced scales from her right hand, her left hand rests on an inverted cornucopiae from which fruits flow. A sailing ship is seen on the horizon to the left of the figure. Surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 15.71 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: grocers, retailing, shops, surcharged tokens, tea, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Smith, Peate & Co., Shipping & Family Grocers, Sydney, New South Wales, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1857 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in eight lines, SMITH, PEATE & Co. / GROCERS / TEA DEALERS / & / WINE MERCHANTS / 258 & 260 / GEORGE ST. / SYDNEY
Reverse Description: The reverse depicts Justice standing facing left, blindfolded and extending balanced scales from her right hand, her left hand rests on an inverted cornucopiae from which fruits flow (a small G is among the fruit). A sailing ship is seen on the horizon to the left of the figure. Above ESTABLISHED, in exergue, 1836. Surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: SMITH, PEATE & Co. GROCERS TEA DEALERS & WINE MERCHANTS 258 & 260 GEORGE ST. SYDNEY Reverse: ESTABLISHED 1836 Surcharged in three lines WILSON / ENGRAVER / 390 PITT S
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Smith, Peate & Co., Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1854-1864
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain
Surcharged By: Wilson, Engraver
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
References: Table of obverse die variations. This token struck with die A.
Die WINE MERCHANTS A to D Rim dots
A 29.8 mm 2.0 mm 137
B 28.6 mm 1.5 mm 136
C 29.3 mm 2.0 mm 136
D 29.5 mm 1.2 mm 134
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 485 and No. 1248
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 225/1

Add your comment

  • Museum Victoria does not provide valuations, for more information please visit the valuation infosheet
  • Please note that Museum Victoria staff will not normally respond to comments posted on our website.
Yes No