Token - Halfpenny, Advertising, Late Strike, Kangaroo Office, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1918 Reg. No: NU 3050
- Copper Halfpenny Token, minted by Stokes & Sons, in Melbourne, in 1918. Restrike of a token minted and issued by the Kangaroo Office, Melbourne, in 1854 to advertise their 1/4 ounce, 1/2 ounce, 1 ounce and 2 ounce gold pieces. This token has been struck with an incomplete reverse die.
W. J. Taylor and his business partners established the Kangaroo Office to take advantage of the explosive economic growth in Australia following the discovery of gold in 1851. They hoped to buy gold at greatly reduced prices from the gold fields and then release it at full value in the form of quarter-ounce, half-ounce, one ounce and two ounce gold coins. However due to the time required to travel between London and Melbourne, once the Kangaroo Office was ready for business in 1854, an increase in the number of British sovereigns, had seen the price of gold rise, and the potential profits for the Kangaroo Office sharply decline. Not deterred, in late 1954 Taylor prepared dies for a series of pattern copper tokens that it was hoped could be produced in Melbourne by the Kangaroo Office for circulation within Australia. It appears that this did not succeed, and in 1855 Taylor began to create shilling and sixpence patterns in silver. However the Kangaroo Office again failed to obtain authority to strike and circulate these silver tokens and in 1857 the Kangaroo Office closed.
- A round copper token (28 mm diameter) advertising the Kangaroo Office gold pieces: PIECES OF 1/4 1/2 1 & 2 oz PURE AUSTRALIAN GOLD ISSUED AT THE KANGAROO OFFICE PORT PHILLIP NATIVE GOLD EXCHANGED ON THE BEST TERMS. The reverse features a Kangaroo seated on tail in grassy field facing right, around above, MELBOURNE; exergue plain, die deteriorated.
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
|Dimensions:||28 mm (Diameter)|
|Weight:||10.864 g (Weight)|
|Tagged with:||late strikes|
|Themes this item is part of:||Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Kangaroo Office Mint, Melbourne, Victoria, 1854-1857, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Alfred Chitty Collection|
|Primary Classification:||TRADE TOKENS|
|Secondary Classification:||Australia - Victoria|
|Tertiary Classification:||late strikes|
|DateEra:||circa 1918 AD|
|Obverse Description:||Legend in ten lines, the first and last curved around the rim: PIECES OF 1/4 1/2 1 & 2 oz / PURE / AUSTRALIAN / GOLD ISSUED AT THE / KANGAROO OFFICE / PORT PHILLIP / NATIVE GOLD / EXCHANGED / ON THE BEST TERMS|
|Reverse Description:||Kangaroo seated on tail in grassy field facing right, around above, MELBOURNE; exergue plain|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: PIECES OF 1/4 1/2 1 & 2 oz PURE AUSTRALIAN GOLD ISSUED AT THE KANGAROO OFFICE PORT PHILLIP NATIVE GOLD EXCHANGED ON THE BEST TERMS
|Issued By:||Stokes & Sons (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
|Mint:||Stokes & Sons (Mint), 1857-1918|
|Engraver:||Kangaroo Office (Mint)|
|Previous Collection:||Mr Alfred Chitty|
This item is part of the following themes: