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Token - 1 Penny, 'Peace & Plenty', Victoria, Australia, 1859 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4573

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons, Birmingham, in 1859. This token is part of a large anonymous token issue made by Heaton & Sons employing die hubbing techniques.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) without the name of an issuer or mint. The obverse (so called as the seated Justice type is normally a reverse) features a coat of arms consisting of a central shield below a rising sun with emu and kangaroo supporters. The shield is quartered and contains: top left, Golden Fleece, top right, three masted sailing ship, bottom left bull standing facing left, bottom right, anchor. The supporters stand on a pair of simple curved lines which also hold the base of the shield, a ribbon bearing the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is draped across these lines below their feet. Around above, PEACE & PLENTY; below is the date, 1859. The reverse features a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. In exergue, 1859. This token has been cleaned and varnished.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.259 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: wholesale trade
Themes this item is part of: George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1859 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Coat of arms consisting of a central shield below a rising sun with emu and kangaroo supporters. The shield is quartered and contains: top left, Golden Fleece, top right, three masted sailing ship, bottom left bull standing facing left, bottom right, anchor. The supporters stand on a pair of simple curved lines which also hold the base of the shield, a ribbon bearing the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is draped across these lines below their feet. Around above, PEACE & PLENTY; below, 1859.
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow, in exergue, 1859.
Edge Description: plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: PEACE & PLENTY ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Reverse: 1859
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1859
Previous Collection: Dr W Roth
References: The 1859 Peace & Plenty issue employed two obverse dies (D & E following on from the 1858 sequence) and one reverse, Reverse 6. The obverse dies can be differentiated by the spacing between the back of the emu and the letter P, on obverse D it is 0.2 mm while on obverse E it is 0.8 mm.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 655
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 201/2
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., No. 186a

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