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Surcharged Token - 1 Penny, William Andrew Jarvey, Pawnbroker, Hobart, Tasmania, circa 1860, M.N., Australia Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18774

Copper one Penny Token, minted by an unknown British Mint, circa 1860. Issued by William Andrew Jarvey, a Pawnbroker, in Hobart. Surcharged M.N. William Andrew Jarvey arrived in Tasmania on 8 April 1844 and was appointed a Police Constable. In 1849 he obtained permission to marry Catherine Jane Shaw, a 25 year-old Irish convict. The following year he resigned his commission and became the Schoolmaster at the Cascades, outside Hobart. In 1854 he left the school and established himself as a Clothier and Pawnbroker in Murray Street, Hobart. He kept this business until 1862 and then attempted farming at Wattle Grove in the Huon Valley, south of Hobart, but gave up his efforts by November of that year. He then convinced the owners of the steamer Titania that he was a suitable Captain for their ship, supplying mining communities in New Zealand. In April 1864, Catherine Jarvey sold the farm and, with their five children, followed Jarvey to New Zealand. In August Jarvey beat his wife until she was unconscious. The following month he purchased some rat poison from a chemist, and according to the published versions of the trial, Catherine Jarvey was taken ill with 'fits' within a few days of the purchase. On the evening of 26 September, Jarvey administered a fatal dose of strychnine and his wife died of an epileptic fit. Jarvey was tried twice for his wife's murder and eventually found guilty, he was hanged on 25 October 1865, the first man to be hanged in Dunedin.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of the issuer: William Andrew Jarvey, Murray St. Hobart Town, pawnbroker and general clothier. It features three decorated balls hanging on chains from a wall bracket. This token has a lerge straight line indented across the obverse, has been cleaned and has been surcharged on both sides M.N.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 11.73 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing, clothing trade, pawnbrokers, retail trade, retailing, surcharged tokens, timber
Themes this item is part of: William Andrew Jarvey, Clothier & Pawnbroker, Hobart, Tasmania (?-1865), Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, McArthur Bequest, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903)
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Tasmania
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1860 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in five lines, the first and last curved around the rim: WILLIAM ANDREW JARVEY / PAWNBROKER / AND GENERAL / CLOTHIER / HOBART TOWN surcharged M.N.
Reverse Description: At centre three decorated balls hanging on chains from a wall bracket around, . ONE PENNY TOKEN PAYABLE AT W.A. JARVEY'S . MURRAY STREET surcharged M.N.
Edge Description: Plain
surcharged on both sides M.N.
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: William Jarvey - Pawnbroker, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 1855-1865
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: The Jarvey token issue required three reverse dies but only one obverse die. The reverses are identified by variations in the three balls and the wall bracket. They can be quickly identified as follows:

Reverse Support of balls centre ball diameter
1 Bars 4.2 mm
2 Chains 6.4 mm
3 Chains 7.0 mm

Andrews recorded a fourth reverse die "the bar is longer and points between T and O and the right is closer to the initial W" This is matched on a token in the Dixon collection but that piece is badly damaged and the described variation could be caused by the physical damage to the token and not represent a different die. Confirmation of this fourth reverse die is needed.

Die combinations recorded for Jarvey are, A/1, A/2, A/3 (this token)
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 302
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 134/2

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