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Surcharged Token - 'H.G.' on 1 Penny, E. De Carle & Co, Grocers & Spirit Merchants, Melbourne & Plenty, Victoria, Australia, circa 1853 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18769

Copper One Penny Token, minted by Pope & Co, Birmingham. Issued by E. De Carle & Co, Grocers & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, circa 1853. Surcharged H.G. Mr. E. De Carle arrived in Australia in 1849. Over the following fourteen years he was involved in a wide range of business ventures in Melbourne, taking advantage of the explosive growth caused by the gold rush. He later moved to New Zealand, where he died. De Carle's three different tokens, which featured his business as 'Grocers and Spirit Merchants,' 'Auctioneers and Land Agents' and 'Auctioneers, etc.,' indicated the range of his business activities and speculation. He was also involved in the urbanisation of Footscray and a section of Brunswick. De Carle operated his businesses with a number of partners, in a network of business dealings.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: E. DeCarle & Co, Melbourne and Plenty, grocers and spirit merchants. The token features on the reverse Britannia seated facing left on a rock against which rests a shield decorated with the Union Jack. Britannia extends an olive branch in her right hand and rests a trident from her left. A crudely illustrated three-masted sailing ship is on the horizon at left. This token has been cleaned, varnished and surcharged H.G.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 33 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 16.11 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: gold, grocers, surcharged tokens, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: E. De Carle & Co., Merchants, Auctioneers & Land Agents, Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1853 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre, GROCERS / & SPIRIT/ MERCHANTS around, .E. DE CARLE & CO. MELBOURNE & PLENTY VICTORIA, surcharged H.G.
Reverse Description: Britannia seated facing left on a rock against which rests a shield decorated with the Union Jack. Britannia extends an olive branch (with twelve leaves) in her right hand and rests a trident from her left. A three-masted sailing ship is on the horizon at left; above, BRITANNIA; surcharged H.G.
Edge Description: Plain
Reverse: BRITANNIA surcharged H.G.
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: E. De Carle & Co., Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1853
Mint: Pope, T. & Co. (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1850-1855
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No.104 & cf 1089-1090
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No.62
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., No.V.58


Paul Hutchinson Posted on 17 Dec 2009 4:03 PM
I have came into possesion of a E. De Carle & Co Token Penny, c. 1853 (AD) and was wonndering how rare they are and if there is anyone interested in purchasing it.
Discovery Centre Posted on 17 Dec 2009 4:39 PM
Museum Victoria Comment
Hi Paul. Thanks for your enquiry, Museum Victoria does not provide valuations. You may find the information at this website useful: http://museumvictoria.com.au/discoverycentre/discovery-centre-news/coin-valuations/

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