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Surcharged Token - Halfpenny, Professor Holloway's, Pills & Ointment, London, J D G, Australia, circa 1858 Reg. No: NU 18781
- Copper Halfpenny Token minted by J. Moore of Birmingham. Issued to promote Professor Holloway's pills and ointments in 1858, it has been surcharged JD / G.
Holloway tokens are presumed to have been circulated worldwide throughout retailers of Holloway products. Holloway's tokens were produced in large numbers and have proven the most common token finds on Melbourne archaeological sites.
- A round copper striking of a Professor Holloway token (28 mm diameter). The token features a profile head of Professor Holloway surcharged in two lines JD / G and a rendition of the classical goddess Hygeia (the ancient Greek goddess of health) seated looking at snake drinking from a cup she holds in her left hand, the snake is curled around a burning altar, an orb rests on altar on her right side. The legend promotes Holloway's pills and ointments and gives the date 1858.
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
|Dimensions:||28 mm (Diameter)|
|Weight:||8.44 g (Weight)|
|Tagged with:||healthcare medicine, surcharged tokens|
|Themes this item is part of:||Joseph Moore, Medal Designer (1817-?), Medicine in Society Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Alfred Chitty Collection|
|Primary Classification:||TRADE TOKENS|
|Secondary Classification:||Australia - Victoria|
|Tertiary Classification:||surcharged strikes|
|Obverse Description:||Head of Professor Holloway facing left with J. MOORE (the maker's name) incuse on neck truncation; around, PROFESSOR HOLLOWAY; below, LONDON, surcharged in two lines JD / G|
|Reverse Description:||Hygeia (the ancient Greek goddess of health) seated looking at snake drinking from a cup she holds in her left hand, the snake is curled around a burning altar, an orb rests on altar on her right side, around; HOLLOWAY'S PILLS AND OINTMENTS, in exergue, 1858. The maker's initials, JM incuse on the right of the exergue line.|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: PROFESSOR HOLLOWAY LONDON J. MOORE surcharged in two lines JD / G
Reverse: HOLLOWAY'S PILLS AND OINTMENTS 1858
|Issued By:||Professor Holloway, London, England, Great Britain, 1858|
|Mint:||Joseph Moore (Mint), London, England, Great Britain, 1858|
|Place & Date Used:||Victoria, Australia, circa 1858-1890s
Possibly surcharged for re-issue by J. Dalton of Geelong.
|Previous Collection:||Mr Alfred Chitty|
|References:||Holloway's tokens were struck in such large numbers that the minting technique of hubbing was clearly employed. In this a master tool, having the full appearance of the final token for the obverse and reverse is manufactured in steel. This is then used to prepare working dies. This technique makes the identification of individual dies from variations in rim bead counts or alignment of lettering impossible. Researchers have noted minor variations in the lowest relief areas of the tokens that may be the result of variations of quality of the die production off the hub (Heyde p. 49) or minor tooling.|