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Token - 1 Penny, William Pratt, Dunstable House, Christchurch, New Zealand Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4245

Summary:
New Zealand Christchurch
W. Pratt Token Penny, c. 1858
Mint: Uncertain, probably British

Standard References: Andrews 444 = Heyde 212/2 = Lampard 339a
Other Details: Pratt was a draper and clothier. This token was struck with the die combination A/2, see References for daetals of die identification. Tokens were demonetised in New Zealand on 25 March 1897.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: W. Pratt Dunsrable House, Cachel Street Christchurch, importer of linen drapery and clothing. It gives the date of the foundation of the firm, 1854. This token has been cleaned and varnished.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 13.821 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing trade, drapers, import trade, linen
Themes this item is part of: Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, William Pratt, Draper, Christchurch, New Zealand (1823-?), Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in eight lines, WILLIAM PRATT / DIRECT / IMPORTER / OF / EVERY DESCRIPTION / OF LINEN / DRAPERY / AND / CLOTHING
Reverse Description: Legend in five lines: DUNSTABLE HOUSE / ESTABLISHED / 1854 / CASHEL STREET / CHRISTCHURCH
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: WILLIAM PRATT DIRECT IMPORTER OF EVERY DESCRIPTION OF LINEN DRAPERY AND CLOTHING
Reverse: DUNSTABLE HOUSE ESTABLISHED 1854 CASHEL STREET CHRISTCHURCH
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: William Pratt, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, 1854-1870
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Andrews 444 = Heyde 212/2 = Lampard 339a

The Pratt issue of penny tokens required three obverse and three reverse dies for it's production. Identification of the die combination employed to make a particular token is the key to both the standard references and the museum storage system. The dies can be recognised by:

Obverse Y of EVERY 1st I of DESCRIPTION
A over IN over AP
B over IN over A
C over I over AP

Reverse C of CHRISTCHURCH 1st T of STREET T to 1 of date
1 below A above RC 2.4 mm
2 below CA above R 2.5 mm
3 below C above R 3.0 mm

The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1, A/2 (this token), B/3, C/3
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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