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Coin - 1 Shilling, British West Africa, 1913 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 12245

1 Shilling, Issued by, British West Africa, 1913
Minted by Royal Mint, London
Statement Of Significance:
In 1912 a West African Currency Board was established to arrange for the production and supply of coins. The first issue of silver, in the denominations 3 pence, 6 pence, shilling and 2 shillings, was struck at the Royal Mint, London in 1913, and made legal tender in Nigeria, Gold Coast, Sierra Leone and Gambia by a local Currency Act dated 26 June 1913. 1913 was also a year when a large crop of cocoa valued at almost 2 1/2 million pounds saw a great demand for silver coins. In addition to 889,000 pound of West African silver (all the Royal Mint could strike) and additional 539,700 pound of Imperial silver coin was needed. Such fluctuation in demand made the provision of a silver coinage very difficult. During World War I 530,000 pound of silver coin was returtned to Britain for sale as bullion to raise internationally accepted forms of money. Interest in the production of a silver coinage led to the request for the provision of proof and specimen sets for official commemorative gifts. Sets containing two coins of each denomination were struck in proof quality while single coin sets were selected uncirculated specimens. The two sets in the Museum Victoria collection are selected uncirculated quality - as usual at that time, no cases were retained.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 23 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 5.655 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: british empire coins, british commonwealth and empire coins
Themes this item is part of: Edgar Bertram Mackennal, Sculptor (1863-1931), Royal Mint, London, Royal Mint, Tower Hill, 1809-1975, Early History of London Mints, to 1300, The Royal Mint, Numismatics & Philately Collection
Primary Classification: COINS
Secondary Classification: British West Africa
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
DateEra: 1913 AD
Denomination: 1 Shilling
Obverse Description: Crowned and draped bust of the King facing left, the King is wearing the Imperial Crown and the ermine Robe of State, the Collar of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and the Badge of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath; around, GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP:; artist's initials BM on bust truncation
Reverse Description: At centre, dividing the date, 1913, a palm tree; around outside a circle broken be decorative extensions adjacent to the date, BRITISH WEST AFRICA ONE SHILLING
Edge Description: Milled
Shape: Round
Material: Silver
Issued By: West African Currency Board, British West Africa, 1913
Mint: Royal Mint, London, Great Britain, 1913
Artist: Sir Bertram Mackennal, Great Britain, 1911
References: KM#12
Vice 39
  1. [Book], Mr David Vice - Peter Ireland (Format) Ltd., The Coinage of British West Africa & St. Helena 1684 - 1958, Birmingham, 1983
  2. [Book], Mr Colin Bruce - Krause Publications, 2009 Standard Catalogue of World Coins 1901 - 2000, 2009

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