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Token - 1 Penny, Cast, Weight & Johnson, Drapers & Outfitters, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1858 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18888

Summary:
Brass Cast one Penny token, possibly minted by Whitty, 1858. Based on One Penny Token issued by Weight & Johnson, Drapers & Outfitters, Sydney. Cast trade tokens are probably best all considered counterfeits. Exceptions might be cast examples of the Whitty & Brown trade tokens. Whitty was a brass founder, Brown and engraver. After dissolution of their partnership, Whitty continued to produce crudely cast pieces which were accepted as currency equally with struck tokens "the public being not in the least particular"' Dr. Mark Long. Spinks' Numismatic Circular Sept. 1898 - as quoted in Heyde p. 85.

J.W. Weight & James Johnson, drapers, are listed in two Sydney Directories (Sand's Directories for 1857-1858 and 1861-1862). Over the period 1851-1870, John Weight was the only draper of that surname listed in Sydney directories, other than this four-year interlude where J.W. Weight is listed as a principal of Weight & Johnston.
Description:
A crude brass casting of a round token (33 mm diameter). The token design featuring the name, business and address of Weight & Johnson, drapers and outfitters, Liverpool and London House, Pitt St. Sydney, although the lettering is very poor. The reverse features a female figure representing Justice standing facing left.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 33 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 13.56 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: counterfeits
Themes this item is part of: Weight & Johnson, Drapers, New South Wales, Australia, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: circulating casts
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1858 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre, WEIGHT / AND / JOHNSON / DRAPERS / & / OUTFITTERS; around above, LIVERPOOL & LONDON HOUSE; around below, . PITT STREET SYDNEY .
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice standing facing left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: WEIGHT AND JOHNSON DRAPERS & OUTFITTERS LIVERPOOL & LONDON HOUSE PITT STREET SYDNEY
Shape: round
Material: Brass
Issued By: Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1855-1865
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Cast trade tokens are probably best all considered counterfeits. Exceptions might be cast examples of the Whitty & Brown trade tokens - 'Whitty was a brass founder, Brown and engraver. After dissolution of their partnership, Whitty continued to produce crudely cast pieces which were accepted as currency equally with struck tokens "the public being not in the least particular"' Dr. Mark Long. Spinks' Numismatic Circular Sept. 1898 - as quoted in Heyde p. 85.
The Advance Australia type by Whitty & Brown was copied from an anonymous W.J.Taylor of London issue and occurs both struck and cast. How one should classify a cast example of an unauthorised copy of an anonymous unofficial trade token is interesting.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, cf No.615
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, cf No.271

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