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Token - 1 Penny, 'Advance Australia', Cast, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1860 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18883

Summary:
Brass One Penny Cast Token, possibly created by Whitty, circa 1860. Based on W.J Taylor's 'Advance Australia' Penny which was manufactured in London, then imported into Australia and wholesaled to merchants in the Eastern colonies. Cast trade tokens are probably best all considered counterfeits. Exceptions might be cast examples of the Whitty & Brown trade tokens. Whitty was a brass founder, Brown and engraver. After dissolution of their partnership, Whitty continued to produce crudely cast pieces which were accepted as currency equally with struck tokens "the public being not in the least particular"' Dr. Mark Long. Spinks' Numismatic Circular Sept. 1898 - as quoted in Heyde p. 85.
Description:
A brass casting of a round token (33 mm diameter). The token does not include the name the issuer and manufacturer: Whitty & Brown, Sydney, but the characteristic poor workmanship make it clear that this company was responsible. It features the denomination and the motto Advance Australia on the obverse and a representation of an emu on left facing right and a kangaroo on right facing left standing on a grassy plain.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 33 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 11.62 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: australian native animals, counterfeits, emus, kangaroos
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: circulating casts
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1860 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within line circle, ONE / PENNY; around, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA +++
Reverse Description: An emu on left facing right and a kangaroo on right facing left standing on a grassy plain. The paw of the kangaroo is 0.6 mm from the emu.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: ONE PENNY ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Shape: round
Material: Brass
Issued By: Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Mint: Whitty (Mint)
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: Cast trade tokens are probably best all considered counterfeits. Exceptions might be cast examples of the Whitty & Brown trade tokens - 'Whitty was a brass founder, Brown and engraver. After dissolution of their partnership, Whitty continued to produce crudely cast pieces which were accepted as currency equally with struck tokens "the public being not in the least particular"' Dr. Mark Long. Spinks' Numismatic Circular Sept. 1898 - as quoted in Heyde p. 85.
The Advance Australia type by Whitty & Brown was copied from an anonymous W.J.Taylor of London issue and occurs both struck and cast. How one should classify a cast example of an unauthorised copy of an anonymous unofficial trade token is interesting.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 4/1
  2. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 635

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