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Pattern Coin - 1 Penny, Raised Tail Square Penny, Australia, 1920 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3071

Summary:
Australia
Nickel Pattern Penny, 1920
Raised Tail variety
Mint: Melbourne

Between 1919 and 1921 a series of experiments were undertaken for a square coinage in nickel to replace the large bronze penny and halfpenny coins. The shape and size was based of a coin from Ceylon (Sri Lanka).
Description:
A square nickel pattern coin with rounded corners (18mm across, plain edge) featuring a bare head of George V facing left with the legend GEORGE V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX 1920 around. The reverse features a Kookaburra seated facing right on small branch its tail raised; curved above, AUSTRALIA; below at right in two lines and large letters, ONE PENNY
Statement Of Significance:
The production of bronze penny and halfpenny coins at the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint began in 1919. The first order from the Commonwealth began "pending the introduction of nickel coins..." leading mint authorities to believe that the introduction of nickel coins was imminent. Between 1919 and 1921 a number of experimental square patterns were produced.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 18 mm (Height), 18 mm (Width)
Weight: 3.883 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: australian federation 1901, nickel pattern coins, pattern coins
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, HRH King George V (1865-1936), Melbourne Mint, Medal Makers, Victoria, Australia, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: COINS
Secondary Classification: Australia
Tertiary Classification: pattern strikes
Series: Square Patterns
DateEra: 1920 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Bare head of George V facing left; in a circle around, GEORGE V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX 1920
Reverse Description: Kookaburra seated on small branch facing right its tail raised; curved above, AUSTRALIA; below at right in two lines, ONE PENNY
Inscriptions: Obverse: GEORGE V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX 1920
Reverse: AUSTRALIA ONE PENNY
Shape: Square
Material: Nickel
Issued By: HM King George V, Australia, 1920
Mint: Melbourne (Mint)
Artist: Douglas Richardson
References: McDonald 8
Bibliography:
  1. [Article] Sharples, John. 1985. Australian Coins 1919 to 1924. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 1 (July): 4-18.

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