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Pattern Token - 1 Penny, J.C. Thornthwaite, Die Sinker & Medallist, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia, 1850 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4447

Summary:
This copper one Penny Pattern Token, designed by J.C. Thornthwaite in 1850, was the first attempt to manufacture a token in Australia. Thornthwaite was the first person to manufacture tokens and medals in Australia. Migrating to Sydney in 1849, his tokens are noteworthy for the lack of clarity of detail in design because the dies were not cut deep enough and he lacked the tools to produce high quality tokens. Thornthwaite also worked as a medallist, particularly after tokens were made illegal in NSW in 1868.
Description:
A uniface round copper token (35 mm dia) featuring an Arms of New South Wales, with the shield tipped right, supported by an emu and kangaroo. The thickness varies from 2 mm onthe worn side to 3 mm.
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 35 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 24.602 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: coat of arms state of new south wales
Themes this item is part of: John Craven Thornthwaite, Token Maker & Medalist, Sydney, New South Wales (1820-?), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Henry Marcus Clark, Draper (?-1913)
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: pattern strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1850 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Arms of New South Wales tilting to right supported by emu (left) and kangaroo; above, ADVANCE A[USTR]ALIA; below, ONE PENNY / TOKEN / 1850
Reverse Description: Plain
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: ADVANCE AUSTRALIA ONE PENNY TOKEN 1850
No reverse design
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: John Thornthwaite, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia
Mint: John Thornthwaite, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia, 1850
Previous Collection: (Henry) Clark
Previous Collection: Gilbert Heyde
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No.578
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No.76

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