Token - 1 Penny, Whitty & Brown Mint, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1860 Reg. No: NU 4523
- Australia New South Wales Sydney
Whitty & Brown Token Penny c.1857 (AD)
Mint: Whitty and Brown
Previous Collections: George McArthur
Standard References: Andrews 624 = Heyde 275/1
- A round copper token (33 mm diameter). The token design featuring the name the issuer and manufacturer: Whitty & Brown, Sydney. It features the head of a male facing left and a representation of Justice standing blindfolded holding scales and an inverted cornucopiae spilling fruit on the ground. A sailing ship is on the horizon. The die work is of poor quality and the token weakly struck.
This token was struck during the first stage of the obverse and reverse dies. In Stage 1 the obverse has fairly realistic rendition of the hair, with the side-burns extending to the top of the ear-lobe, the truncation of the neck comes to a slightly upturned point and the word SYDNEY is 18.0 mm long. Stage 2 has the hair formed by scratched lines with the side-burn extending half way along the jaw, the word SYDNEY is 19 mm long. Stage 1 of the reverse is easiest to recognise by the fold of cloth which curves over the right shoulder and arm of Justice, on Stage 2 it is reformed as a sleeve squared off half way down the arm. The man's hair touches the letter O as the result of a minor repair to the die.
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
|Dimensions:||33 mm (Diameter)|
|Weight:||13.336 g (Weight)|
|Themes this item is part of:||Whitty & Brown Mint, Medal Makers, Sydney, New South Wales, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, McArthur Bequest|
|Primary Classification:||TRADE TOKENS|
|Secondary Classification:||Australia - New South Wales|
|Tertiary Classification:||working strikes|
|DateEra:||circa 1860 AD|
|Obverse Description:||Head of man facing to left (some die deterioration in field from forehead); around, WHITTY & BROWN MAKERS; below, SYDNEY|
|Reverse Description:||Justice standing facing left on sea shore blindfolded and holding balanced scales in right hand, left hand holds inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow, sailing ship in background at left; above, NEW SOUTH WALES|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: WHITTY & BROWN MAKERS SYDNEY
Reverse: NEW SOUTH WALES
|Issued By:||Whitty & Brown (Mint), Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|Mint:||Whitty & Brown (Mint)|
|Previous Collection:||George McArthur|
Andrews 624 = Heyde 275/1
"Whitty was a brass founder, Brown an engraver. After dissolution of their partnership, Whitty continued to produce crudely cast pieces which were accepted as currency equally with struck tokens "the public being not in the least particular" (dr. Mark Long in Spinks' Numismatic Circular, Sept., 1898)." Heyde p. 85
The large issues manufactured and issued by the firm Whitty and Brown employed three obverse and four reverse dies.
The company had problems with the dies and repaired them. The museum storage is based on major re-working of the dies, not fine details of deterioration as Andrews and Heyde have listed.
This type, the head obverse and Justice reverse has two stages. Stage 1 has fairly realistic rendition of the hair, with the side-burns extending to the top of the ear-lobe, the truncation of the neck comes to a slightly upturned point and the word SYDNEY is 18.0 mm long. Stage 2 has the hair formed by scratched lines with the side-burn extending half way along the jaw, the word SYDNEY is 19 mm long. Stage 1 of the reverse is easiest to recognise by the fold of cloth which curves over the right shoulder and arm of Justice, on Stage 2 it is reformed as a sleeve squared off half way down the arm.
See NU 11644 for stage 2.
This item is part of the following themes: