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Token - 1 Penny, W.D. Wood, Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, circa 1854 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4559

Summary:
Australia Tasmania Hobart
W.D. Wood Token Penny c. 1854
Mint: Uncertain British
Previous Collections: George McArthur
Standard References: Andrews 641 = Heyde 279
Other Details: W.D. Wood ran the Montpellier Retreat Inn in Hobart Town and was a wine and spirit merchant. This token was struck with dies B/2, see References for details of die identification.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of the company which issued the tokens: W.D. Wood, Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart Town, wine and spirit merchant. The reverse features a corner view of the inn with the front door open aflag staff and trees can be seen above the building.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 17.585 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: hotels, inns, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: W.D. Wood, Hotelier, Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart, Tasmania (1821-1866), George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Tasmania
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
DateEra: circa 1854 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in seven lines, ONE PENNY TOKEN / PAYABLE / ON DEMAND HERE / MONTPELLIER RETREAT / INN / HOBART TOWN / W.D. WOOD
Reverse Description: Corner view of hotel with flag-pole and trees behind; above, MONTPELLIER RETREAT INN; below, W.D. WOOD
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: ONE PENNY TOKEN PAYABLE ON DEMAND HERE MONTPELLIER RETREAT INN HOBART TOWN W.D. WOOD
Reverse: MONTPELLIER RETREAT INN W.D. WOOD
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: W Wood - Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 1850-1855
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Andrews 641 = Heyde 279

Wood issued two types of penny tokens. The one, dated 1855 is classified as dies A/1 as dated pieces are listed before undated in Andrews. However the heavier weight of this, the second type, argues that it is the earlier, dies B/2. Further, it offers the statement "payable on demand here Montpellier Retreat Inn" also suggesting an earlier issue. The halfpenny denomination was also issued at the same time (see NU 4560).
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967

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