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Mule Token - 1 Penny, R. Josephs, New Town Toll Gate, Newtown, Tasmania, Australia, 1855 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4006

Summary:
Copper one Penny mule token, minted by W.J. Taylor of London. It was issued by R. Josephs of Newtown, Tasmania, circa 1855. Transported to Australia in 1827 Josephs, gained his certificate of freedom in 1841. In 1852 he won the tender to operate the New Town toll gate for three years. It was during this time that he issued his trade tokens, known as 'Toll Gate' tokens, which would have enabled him to profit from giving change to people passing through his gate.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of company that issued the tokens: R. Josephs, NewTown Toll, Gate Van Diemen's Land. The Toll Gate is depicted on the obverse and the reverse shows a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.170 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: law justice, mule tokens, toll gates, toll tokens, -1
Themes this item is part of: Reuben Josephs, Toll Gate Operator, Hobart, Tasmania (1790-1862), George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Tasmania
Tertiary Classification: mule strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1855 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre an image of the toll gate with associated building; around, NEW TOWN TOLL GATE * R. JOSEPHS *
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. Around above VAN DIEMEN'S LAND, in exergue, 1855.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: R. JOSEPHS NEW TOWN TOLL GATE
Reverse: VAN DIEMEN'S LAND 1855
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Reuben Josephs - New Town Toll Gate, New Town, Tasmania, Australia, 1855
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1855
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Archives Office of Tasmania, Index to Pioneer's Database, http://resources.archives.tas.gov.au/Pioneers/taslink3.asp?ID=204060
Elias, P. & A. (eds.), A few from afar : Jewish lives in Tasmania from 1804, 2003, pp. 33, 87, 230.
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 309
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 139
  5. [Book], Roger McNeice, Coins and Tokens of Tasmania 1803-1910, pp.83-84 Pages

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