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Token - 1 Penny, S. Deeble, Draper, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3683

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by S. Deeble, Draper, Melbourne, 1862. Samuel Deeble arrived in Melbourne in 1853. He opened a shop in Melbourne shortly after his arrival, in 1858 Deeble advertised in the Sands and McDougall Melbourne Directory, describing himself as a wholesale and retail draper, specalising in millinery including 'Bonnets, Hats, Bonnet Shapes, Blonds, Ribbons, Feathers &c., at wholesale prices.'

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: S. Deeble, London House Bourke St. Melbourne, draper. The reverse features a coat of arms consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun (sejant sinister reguardant) and on right emu with similar stance (passant dexter reguardant). Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is not shaded. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862 around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. The T of T. STOKES above the first L of COLLINS and the T EAST is below the A of MAKER.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 13.110 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: drapers
Themes this item is part of: Samuel Deeble, Draper , Melbourne, Victoria (circa 1830s-?), George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Within plain circle superemposed above scrollwork, S.DEEBLE / DRAPER around, : LONDON HOUSE BOURKE ST. : MELBOURNE
Reverse Description: Coat of arms consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun (sejant sinister reguardant) and on right emu with similar stance (passant dexter reguardant). Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is not shaded. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862 around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. The T of T. STOKES above the first L of COLLINS and the T EAST is below the A of MAKER.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse:S.DEEBLE DRAPER LONDON HOUSE BOURKE ST MELBOURNE
Reverse: VICTORIA . 1862 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Samuel Deeble - Draper, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: -Gardner, F.. "Trade tokens and the firms who issued them." The Australian Storekeepers and Traders Journal. 31 January 1911: p.14; -PROV internet index to unassisted immigrants to Victoria, 1852 - 1923, VPRS 7666 (printout); -Sharples, J.. "Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens.' Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. Vol. 7. December 1993: pp. 34 - 35; -Advertisement, Sands and McDougall Melbourne Directory for 1858: unnumbered page; -Advertisement. The Argus. 22 November 1861: p.8; -Hope, John. Biography of S. Deeble. Unpublished MSS. 2005: 1pp.

S. Deeble arranged for trade tokens from Stokes in 1862, four variations resulted perhaps reflecting four different orders. On each the same obverse was employed but there were four different stock Stokes reverses. Two forms of the Arms, one with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA and the other with the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA, one with the wheat sheaf and one with an emu.

"An examination of the tokens suggests that V.61, with the Arms 1 reverse, was the first token type to be struck. On examples of V.61 there is no sign of clashing and the flans are thin. It would appear that Stokes then struck their own token, V.130, which has Stokes legend obverse and Sheaf 1 reverse, during that work the dies clashed. Then the Deeble obverse was reloaded with the Sheaf 1 left in place. This produced V.62 which had thin blanks and evidence of the recent die clash with the Stokes obverse on well preserved examples.

The next isssue appears to have been V.63. During the production of these tokens with the Arms 5 reverse, the dies also clashed and Deeble's own die was slightly damaged (the number 86 from the reverse die's date being transferred). The clashing is visable on tokens from the final striking V.64.

The forms V.63 and V.64 are both recorded with thin and thick flans and with two opposing settings of the die axis suggesting two settings of these die forms in the press at different times.

Finally the Deeble obverse die may have been employed in the Twentieth century to produce a concoction with Emu 2. The Andrews manuscript includes a rubbing from this die combination but it has not been confirmed." J. Sharples NAA 7 p.34

For V.61 see NU 11132 for V.62 see NU 3687 for V.63 see NU 11134 for V.64 NU 3689
for the obverse die see NU 35778
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 106
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 64/1
  5. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 61

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