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Token - 1 Penny, Love & Roberts, Storekeepers, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia, 1865 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4055

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by Love & Roberts, Storekeepers, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, 1865. The earliest records of this business are two advertisements from 1866, the first for the Newtown Store Annual Stock-Taking. The second described their new stock for the 'Autumn and Winter season' and gave an extensive listing of the range of fabrics, hats and other draperies they sold. In 1867 they were listed as 'Storekeepers, Wagga Wagga' in Samson's National Directory of New South Wales for 1867.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token gives the name and address of the issuer, Love & Roberts, Storekeepers at Wagga Wagga and of the manufacturer: T. Stokes, Melbourne together with the date of issue, 1865. It depicts a plough on the reverse. Much original mint lustre on obverse.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 16.196 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: agriculture, ploughs, retailing, shops
Themes this item is part of: Love & Roberts, Store Keepers, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1865 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre in a straight line LOVE & ROBERTS; curved above, WAGGA WAGGA, curved below, STOREKEEPERS / NEW SOUTH WALES
The space between T of STORE and E of NEW is 0.8 mm. Border of 140 dots, V of LOVE to top of S
Reverse Description: Plough facing left; below, T.STOKES MELBOURNE / 1865; around, THE COMMERCIAL PASTORAL & FARMING INTERESTS :
The numeral 1 of the date falls under the letters KE of STOKES, border of 141 dots.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: LOVE & ROBERTS STOREKEEPERS WAGGA WAGGA NEW SOUTH WALES
Reverse: THE COMMERCIAL PASTORAL & FARMING INTERESTS 1865 T.STOKES MELBOURNE
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Love & Roberts, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia, 1865
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1865
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Love and Roberts employed the Melbourne die sinker Thomas Stokes to prepare its token issue. Two obverse and two reverse dies were employed for the original work but these remained with Stokes and were employed in the early Twentieth century for re-striking and combined with a further other Stokes dies mule concoction.

The museum storage is based on die identification and on original or late strikes - the late strikes and concoctions are stored with other late strikes, they are Twentieth century collector pieces, not trade tokens.

This token is an original strike employing the die combination B/1

For the original strikes there were two obverses and two reverses:
Obverse A: T of STORE to E of New is 1.8 mm, the V of LOVE points to the middle of the S, border of 131 dots
Obverse B: T of STORE to E of New is 0.8 mm, the V of LOVE points to the top of the S, border of 140 dots

Reverse 1: 1 of date below letters KE of STOKES, lower handle of plough points to G, border of 141 dots
Reverse 2: 1 of date below letters OK of STOKES, lower handle of plough points between NG, border of 131 dots

The museum holds two Love and Roberts dies: reverse 2 - NU35758 = rev 2 and obverse A - NU35764
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 337
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 153/3

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