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Token - 1 Penny, Crocker & Hamilton, Drapers & Clothiers, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, circa 1855 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3636

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by an unknown British Mint. Issued by Crocker & Hamilton, Drapers & Clothiers, Adelaide, circa 1855. The firm Crocker & Hamilton, Drapers, were in business from at least 1854. They are listed in Howell's Adelaide Directory for 1858, although the partnership must have been dissolved between the time Howell collected the listings for his directory and July of that year as during that month advertisements appeared in the Adelaide Advertiser informing the public that Crocker & Co. were 'SELLING OFF, SELLING OFF. - Crocker & Co. beg to inform the public of South Australia that they have determined on relinquishing the DRAPERY TRADE.' These advertisements continued until September 1858, indicating that the public had not cleared the stock of Crocker & Co. at any great pace.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name address and business of the issuer: Crocker & Hamilton of Adelaide and Port Adelaide Drapers and Clothiers.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.949 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing trade, drapers
Themes this item is part of: Crocker & Hamilton, Drapers, Adelaide, South Australia, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - South Australia
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1855 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: CROCKER / & / HAMILTON / ADELAIDE / PORT ADELAIDE
Reverse Description: DRAPERS / GROCER / & HAMILTON / CLOTHIERS &c.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: CROCKER & HAMILTON ADELAIDE PORT ADELAIDE
Reverse: DRAPERS CROCKER & HAMILTON CLOTHIERS &c.
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Crocker & Hamilton, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 1850-1860

Also Port Adelaide.
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Royal South Australian Almanac and General Directory for 1850;
Delphane's Almanac for 1851;
Royal South Australian Almanac and General Directory for 1854;
Royal South Australian Almanac and General Directory for 1857;
Royal South Australian Almanac and General Directory for 1858;
Howell's Directory for the City and Port of Adelaide for 1858;
Adelaide Almanac, Town and Country Directory and Guide to South Australia for 1864;
National Directory of South Australia for 1867;
Boothby's Directory and Almanac for 1865.
Newspaper Advertisements, Adelaide Advertiser: 12 July 1858, p.1; 21 July 1858, p.1; 29 July 1858, p.1; 21 September 1858, p.1.

The approximate date of issue, c. 1855 is based on company expansion to an additional store at Burra Burra by 1857 when they issued their halfpenny tokens.
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 82
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 48

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