Token - 1 Penny, J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 1861 Reg. No: NU 3764
- Bronze One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons, Birmignham. Issued by J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, 1861. John R. Grundy, arrived in Melbourne in January 1855. He opened a tobacconist's shop in 1856, in Ballarat, and was the principal tobacconist in the town. Gardner states that Grundy lost his shop in 1872 after speculating heavily. Afterwards he made his living by selling 'colonial cigars' in Melbourne and died in straightened circumstances in the early 1900s.
Previous Collections: George McArthur
- A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name address and business of the issuer: J.R. Grundy Ballarat (in Ballaarat form) Merchant together with a tobacco plant The reverse features a Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right an anchor.
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
|Dimensions:||34 mm (Diameter)|
|Weight:||14.871 g (Weight)|
|Tagged with:||retail trade, retailing, tobacco|
|Themes this item is part of:||J.R. Grundy, Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria (circa 1820s-?), George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, McArthur Bequest|
|Primary Classification:||TRADE TOKENS|
|Secondary Classification:||Australia - Victoria|
|Tertiary Classification:||working strikes|
|Obverse Description:||Tobacco plant; below in small letters, TOBACCO around, J.R. GRUNDY, MERCHANT, BALLAARAT . 1861 .|
|Reverse Description:||Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right an anchor; around, INDUSTRIA ET FIDES OMNIA VINCENT . VICTORIA .|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: J.R. GRUNDY MERCHANT BALLAARAT 1861 TOBACCO
Reverse: INDUSTRIA ET FIDES OMNIA VINCENT VICTORIA ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
|Issued By:||J Grundy - Tobacco Merchant, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 1861|
|Mint:||Heaton & Sons (Mint)|
|Previous Collection:||George McArthur|
Biography: Gardner, F., Trade tokens and the firms who issued them, The Australian Storekeepers and Traders Journal, 30 July 1910, p.17 (photocopy); Immigration records: Public Records Office of Victoria, VPRS 7666, printout from internet Index of Unassisted Immigrants to Victoria, 1852 - 1923; Numismatics: Sharples, J., "Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens' in Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia, Vol. 7, December 1993, pp.14 - 15:Advertisement, The Evening Post, 28 January 1864; Advertisement, Birtchnell's Ballarat Directory for 1864.
Grundy issued two quite different token designs dated 1861. The first (this token) depicted a tobacco plant growing from grassy ground combined with a Coat of Arms while the second (see NU 3768) depicted a cut stalk of flowering tobacco and a standing figure representing Justice.
This issue employed two slightly different reverse dies which can be differentiated by the spacing of the lettering around the rim - in particular the distance from the bead before the word VICTORIA and the V is 3.4 mm on Reverse 1 but only 2.1 mm on Reverse 2. A quick test for Reverse 2 is that the bead to the left of the V has been entered over a letter I.
This token was struck with Reverse 1
This item is part of the following themes: