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Token - 1 Penny, T. Butterworth & Co, Drapers, Grocers & General Provision Merchants, Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia, circa 1858 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3584

Copper one Penny Token, minted by W.J.Taylor of London or Heaton & Sons of Birmingham. Issued by T. Butterworth & Co, Drapers, Grocers & General Provision Merchants in Castlemaine, circa 1858. Although this business is named for an individual it was in fact run by four Butterworth brothers, Thomas, Robert, Benjamin and John. The brothers purchased their business from Messrs Sargood and Gardner, around 1856. The brothers were noted for conduct befitting successful men of their time, and involved themselves in the life of their community. Tom and Ben played Cricket for the Australian squad that played against the touring English Eleven in 1863, and Ben represented Victoria on several occasions during the 1860s. They were noted in the 1863 Victorian Cricketers Guide as batsmen and capable fielders. As activity at Castlemaine decreased, the brothers recognised the decline of their prospects and moved to Dunedin, New Zealand, sometime between 1862 and 1864, where their store was said to be thriving in 1910.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: T. Butterworth & Co., 1 Forest St. Castlemaine, wine & spirit merchants, wholesale & retail grocers & drapers.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 16.004 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: drapers, grocers, retailing, shops, spirits, wholesale trade, wine spirit merchants, robert hyde
Themes this item is part of: T. Butterworth & Co., General Merchants, Castlemaine, Victoria, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1858 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: .T.BUTTERWORTH & Co. / 1 / FOREST / STREET / CASTLEMAINE
The numeral 1 is 4.1 mm tall, border of 135 beads
Reverse Description: At centre, WINE / & / SPIRIT / MERCHANTS around, WHOLESALE & RETAIL GROCERS & DRAPERS *
Edge Description: Plain
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Butterworth, T.& Co, Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia, circa 1858
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, circa 1858

May have been the work of Heaton & Sons
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: -Gardner, F.. 'Trade tokens and the firms who issued them.' The Australian Storekeepers and Traders Journal. 30 November 1910: p.10 (photocopy); -1856 Castlemaine Commercial Directory; -Public Records Office of Victoria Index to Unassisted Immigrants to Victoria, 1852 - 1923. VPRS 7666; -Sharples, J.. "Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens." Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. Vol. 7. December 1993: pp.19 - 20; -Advertisement. The Mount Alexander Mail. 31 July 1861: p.1; -Advertisement. The Mount Alexander Mail. 29 July 1861: p.4; -Hope, John, Butterworth, T. & Co.. Unpublished MSS. 2005: 2pps.

Two obverse dies were needed to complete the Butterworth orders for tokens. They are most easily identified by the height of the numeral 1 of the address and the bead count around the rim:
Obverse height of 1 Border Beads
A 4.1 mm 135
B 3.4 mm 128
Both obverse dies were used with a reverse giving details of the company business, Reverse 1 and in 1859 with a reverse depicting a seated figure of Justice, Reverse 2.

This token was struck with the die combination A/1

This work has normally been associated with W.J. Taylor in London but Heaton & Son may also have produced this reverse type.
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 51
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 32/1
  5. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 18

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