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Token - 1 Penny, G. Ryland, Draper & Clothier, Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4292

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by G. Ryland, Draper & Clothier, Castlemaine, 1862. Ryland's business carried softgoods of superior quality. George Ryland was an Officer in one of the local Volunteer Forces, holding the rank of Captain in the 2nd Castlemaine Volunteer Rifles, later becoming the Commanding Officer of that force a rank he held until his death. Ryland was very successful in his business and built himself a substantial home, 'Rosemount' in about 1860.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: G. Ryland, draper and Clothier, Market Square Castlemaine. The reverse features a coat of arms consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun and on right emu with similar stance. Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is not shaded. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. The neck of the emu is poorly engraved with additional line to the left, the T of EAST is below the letters AK of MAKER. There is no stop between VICTORIA and the date.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.922 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: clothing, clothing trade, drapers, retail trade, retailing
Themes this item is part of: George Ryland, Draper & Clothier, Castlemaine, Victoria (1827-?), George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Clothing & Textiles Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within border of 115 beads, G.RYLAND / DRAPER / AND / CLOTHIER / MARKET SQRE / CASTLEMAINE
Reverse Description: Coat of arms consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun (sejant sinister reguardant) and on right emu with similar stance (passant dexter reguardant). Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is not shaded. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA 1862, around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. The neck of the emu is poorly engraved with additional line to the left, the T of EAST is below the letters AK of MAKER. There is no stop between VICTORIA and the date.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: G. RYLAND DRAPER AND CLOTHIER MARKET SQRE CASTLEMAINE
Reverse: T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE ADVANCE VICTORIA
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: George Ryland, Draper & Clothier, Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: George McArthur
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 468
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 222
  5. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 26

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