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Token - 1 Penny, John Andrew & Co, Drapers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1860 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3516

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, mint agent, Coard, London. Issued by John Andrew & Co, Drapers, Melbourne, 1860. John Andrew was apprenticed to the drapery trade in Glasgow and was later successful in his own drapery business in Scotland. He migrated to Australia in 1853. In 1854 he was listed in a Melbourne directory as the owner of a drapery and outfitting business in Lonsdale Street. In 1856 John married Ann Forbes, also from Wick. John sold his business in 1869 to Christie and Berwick and retired to live privately. In 1877 he was encouraged to stand for election to represent West Melbourne in the Legislative Assembly. He was duly elected and displayed his characteristic enthusiasm and progressive personality. At the end of his term, however, he retreated into retirement once again.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: John Andrew & Co., 11 Lonsdale Street West, Melbourne, Importers and general drapers. The token features at centre of the obverse a male lion standing to left with head crowned facing front, its right paw is raised and rests on a shield bearing the Union Jack, its tail curved back over its body. On the reverse a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her, its end decorated with a cross to hint at a Union Jack (as found beside Britannia on the copper coins of the period). A three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. Justice wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. It bears the date 1860. This token shows a die crack from the rim touching the "&" and extending to the L of MELBOURNE near 06.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.929 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: drapers, import trade, retail trade, retailing
Themes this item is part of: John Andrew & Co., Drapers, Melbourne, Victoria (?-1902), George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1860 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre, male lion standing to left with head crowned facing front, its right paw is raised and rests on a shield bearing the Union Jack, its tail curved back over its body. around in two concentric circles of text devided by a beaded circle * JOHN ANDREW & CO. * IMPORTERS & GENERAL DRAPERS / 11 LONSDALE STREET WEST * MELBOURNE * In small letters in the exergue below the lion, COARD LONDON
Reverse Description: A female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her, its end decorated with a cros to hint at a Union Jack (as found beside Britannia on the copper coins of the period). A three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. Justice wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. Around above, MELBOURNE VICTORIA.; in exergue, 1860
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: JOHN ANDREW & CO. IMPORTERS & GENERAL DRAPERS 11 LONSDALE STREET WEST MELBOURNE COARD LONDON
Reverse: MELBOURNE VICTORIA 1860
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: John Andrew & Co., Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Mint: Coard (Mint or Mint Agent), London, England, Great Britain, 1860

Coard may have been a London agent who arranged for private mints to prepare dies and strike tokens rather than the owner of a mint himself.
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Biography, Gardner, F., Trade tokens and the firms who issued them, The Australian Storekeepers and Traders Journal, 31 August 1910, p.10, (photocopy); biography by John Hope, Museum Victoria Volunteer, 2pp.; printout from internet index to Unassisted Immigrants to Victoria, 1852 - 1923, VPRS series 7666; Sharples, J., "Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens' in Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia, Vol. 7, December 1993, pp.28 - 29.

The trade tokens of John Andrew & Co are exactly mirrored by those of his business neighbour A.G. Hodgson. Both employed Coard of London - most likley Coard was an agent who arranged for the production of dies and the striking of tokens under contract. The Lion obverse on this token is listed by Heaton & Sons as their work, yet the seated Justice reverse is normally associated with W.J. Taylor of London. See Sharples NAA 7 , p.28.
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 11
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 10
  5. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 42

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