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Token - 1 Penny, Annand, Smith & Co, Family Grocers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1851 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3527

Summary:
Copper one Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons in Birmingham, 1851. Issued by Annand Smith & Co, Family grocers, in Collins Street, Melbourne. Annand Smith & Co issued Australia's first circulating copper tokens, on 20 October 1849. In 1949 the Numismatic Association of Victoria issued a medal to commemorate the 100th anniversary of that token. The partnership between Annand and Smith was over by 1852.

Annand Smith & Co. had two issues of trade tokens, the first were manufactured by the Soho Mint, Birmingham, in 1849 and the second by Heaton & Sons in 1851. The second issue (from which this token is) has the letters H&S added beside the shield (it is a different Britannia die too).

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: Annand, Smith & Co., Melbourne, family grocers. The token features on the reverse Britannia seated facing left on a rock against which rests a shield decorated with the Union Jack. Britannia extends an olive branch in her right hand and rests a trident from her left. A crudely illustrated three-masted sailing ship is on the horizon at left. There are some heavy scratches on this token.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 16.041 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: grocers, import trade, retail trade, retailing
Themes this item is part of: George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Annand, Smith & Co., Grocers, Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1851 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in four lines within a border of 132 beads, ANNAND SMITH & CO / FAMILY / GROCERS / .MELBOURNE. the first and last lines are curved. Scratches in field above the word FAMILY
Reverse Description: Britannia seated facing left on a rock against which rests a shield decorated with the Union Jack. Britannia extends an olive branch (with six leaves and five berries) in her right hand and rests a trident from her left. A three-masted sailing ship is on the horizon at left; above, BRITANNIA; to the left of the shield K (the artist's initial) and to the right H&S (for Heaton & Sons). Deep scratch through neck of Britannia.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: ANNAND SMITH & CO FAMILY GROCERS MELBOURNE
Reverse: BRITANNIA K H&S
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Annand, Smith & Co., Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1851

Issued before the separation of the Port Phillip District.
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1851

This was the first issue of Heaton & Sons.
Artist: Conrad Kuchler - Royal Mint, London & Soho Mint, Birmingham, 1800-1805
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Henderson, R.L., 'Annand, Smith and Co.', in Australian Numismatist, 1988 Special Bicentennial Edition, pp.12 - 16 [photocopy]; Gardner, F.,' Trade tokens and the businesses that issued them', The Australian Storekeepers and Traders Journal, 31 January 1911, pp.13 - 14; Advertisement, Melbourne Commercial Directory, compiled by P.W. Pierce, 1853, unnumbered page at rear of directory; Sharples, J., "Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens,' Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia, Vol. 7, December 1993, p. 30. See also: supplementary file NU 34771: Catalogue: Morrison, Ian. 2003, The Baker of Maldon.

There were two issues of trade tokens made by this company. The first (see NU 3530), in 1849 was manufactured by the Soho Mint, Birmingham sent in three shipments, the first 5 cwt at 27.5 pieces per pound (15,400 tokens) on 23 May 1849 then on 12 October 1849 and 15 January 1850 each of about the same weight. Richard Doty gives the final number of tokens sent as 45,503. This was their last product before being sold. Heaton & Sons purchased much of the equipment at the sale of the Soho mint and their first issue was of trade tokens for Annand Smith & Co. in 1851. The second issue (from which this token) has the letters H&S added beside the shield (it is a different Britannia die too). The first Annand Smith token was the first circulating trade token issued in Australia.
John Sharples 18 Oct 2004
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 18
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 14/2
  5. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 49

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