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Token - 1 Penny, E. De Carle & Co, Grocers & Spirit Merchants, Melbourne & Plenty, Victoria, Australia, circa 1853 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3679

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Pope & Co, Birmingham. Issued by E. De Carle & Co, Grocers & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, circa 1853. De Carle arrived in Australia in 1849. Over the following fourteen years he was involved in a wide range of business ventures in Melbourne, taking advantage of the explosive growth caused by the gold rush. He later moved to New Zealand, where he died. De Carle's three different tokens, which featured his business as 'Grocers and Spirit Merchants,' 'Auctioneers and Land Agents' and 'Auctioneers, etc.,' indicated the range of his business activities and speculation. He was also involved in the urbanisation of Footscray and a section of Brunswick. De Carle operated his businesses with a number of partners, in a network of business dealings.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: E. DeCarle & Co, Melbourne and Plenty, grocers and spirit merchants. The token features on the reverse Britannia seated facing left on a rock against which rests a shield decorated with the Union Jack. Britannia extends an olive branch in her right hand and rests a trident from her left. A crudely illustrated three-masted sailing ship is on the horizon at left.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 33 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 16.120 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: gold, grocers, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: E. De Carle & Co., Merchants, Auctioneers & Land Agents, Melbourne, Victoria, George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1853 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre, GROCERS / & SPIRIT/ MERCHANTS around, .E. DE CARLE & CO. MELBOURNE & PLENTY VICTORIA.
Reverse Description: Britannia seated facing left on a rock against which rests a shield decorated with the Union Jack. Britannia extends an olive branch (with twelve leaves) in her right hand and rests a trident from her left. A three-masted sailing ship is on the horizon at left; above, BRITANNIA.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: E. DE.CARLE & CO. MELBOURNE & PLENTY VICTORIA GROCERS & SPIRIT MERCHANTS
Reverse: BRITANNIA
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: E. De Carle & Co., Melbourne & Plenty, Victoria, Australia, 1850-1856
Mint: Pope, T. & Co. (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1850-1855
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: E. DeCarle & Co. arranged for three issues of trade token pennies. His first, as a grocer and spirit merchant (this token) was probably isssued in about 1853 - it was struck by Pope & Co with the same reverse die employed for the issue of I. Booth & Co (see NU 3569). His second issue was commissioned in 1855 from Heaton & Sons, Birmingham or W.J. Taylor of London featured a lion and seated Justice (see NU 3677). His final issue, also of 1855 has a seated figure of Tasmania on the reverse although it was struck for him as a Melbourne auctioneer (see NU 3681). There is also a rare pattern for this final issue which featured a portrait of Lord Raglan (not held).
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 104
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 62
  5. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 58

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