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Token - 1 Penny, R.B. Ridler, Wholesale & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4261

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Originally issued by R.B. Ridler, Wholesale & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria, 1862. Robert Broom Ridler was an Englishman, born in Devonshire in 1825. He arrived in Victoria in about 1852. He took a position as salesman with Mr. Butler in the shop which shortly afterwards became his own, in Richmond. By 1856 Ridler was running the shop in his own name. In 1857 Ridler married Sophia Wild, later having eleven children. He sold his business to a Mr Brockman in 1877 and retired to Dandenong, where he died in 1898.

Previous Collections: George McArthur
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) with the name, address and business of the issuer: R.B. Ridler 187 Bridge Road, Richmond, wholesal and retail butcher. The reverse is a Stokes stock Arms type: Coat of arms consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun and on right emu with similar stance. Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is not shaded. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862 around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 13.787 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: butchers, retail trade, retailing, wholesale trade
Themes this item is part of: Robert Broom Ridler, Wholesaler & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria (1825-1898), George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, McArthur Bequest
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within a line circle in five lines (the first curved and last, R.B. RIDLER / 187 / BRIDGE / ROAD / RICHMOND; around, WHOLESALE & RETAIL BUTCHER :
Reverse Description: At centre an emu standing facing left in front of a rising sun with thirteen long light rays. Below on a scroll the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA (without the spread bouquet of rose thistle and shamrock emerging below scroll that occurs on other stock emu dies). Around above, VICTORIA . 1862, around below in two lines, T. STOKES _ MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. Border of 122 beads, the beak of the emu is cut by the 6th ray. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Emu 1 = Heyde Emu 1 = Andrews 17.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: R.B. RIDLER 187 BRIDGE ROAD RICHMOND WHOLESALE & RETAIL BUTCHER
Reverse: VICTORIA . 1862 ADVANCE VICTORIA T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Robert Ridler - Wholesale & Retail Butcher, Richmond, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Biography: -Gardner, F.. 'Trade tokens and the firms who issued them'. The Australian Storekeepers and Traders Journal. 30 November 1911: p. 10 (photocopy); -Sharples, J.. 'Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens'. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. Vol. 7. December 1993: p. 71; -Hope, John. Ridler, R.B.. Unpublished MSS. 2005: 1pp.

Ridler employed Stokes strike trade tokens in 1862. The obverse was a standard format of the issuers name address and business - only one die was needed. This die (Obverse A) was linked to three stock reverses in 1862 but the obverse survived and was empoloyed to make an additional three types in about 1920. The late strikes show corrosion to the dies.
The following original types are known: A/Emu 1, A/Sheaf 1 and a/ Arms 6
The following late strikes from corroded dies are also recorded: A/ Arms 6, A/ Emu 3 and A/ Vine 2 - these are not trade tokens but collector restrikes and concoction.
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 453
  4. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 215
  5. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 189

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