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Surcharged Token - 1 Penny, R. Parker, Ironmonger, Geelong, Victoria, Australia, circa 1857, 'WB', Australia Numismatics Reg. No: NU 18810

Summary:
Copper one Penny Token minted by Heaton & Sons of Birmingham, circa 1857. Issued by R. Parker an Ironmonger from Geelong, Victoria. It is surcharged WB.

Richard Parker arrived in Victoria in 1839 and established a general store in Elizabeth Street with a Mr Boadle, the partnership dissolved when Boadle left Melbourne. Parker then moved Collins Street and continued his business until selling out to Germain Nicholson in 1844, when he moved to Geelong and established an ironmongery store. Parker was very successful, and opened stores in Clunes, Back Creek (Talbot), Firey Creek and Ararat. Parker issued at least ten varieties of tokens, all with the same inscription and figure on the faces, but with slight variations. When the tokens arrived, they were emptied out in a huge pile in the window, and as small change was scare, people flocked to the shop to exchange their silver for the more convenient copper.
Description:
A copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of the issuer: R. Parker, Moorabool St. Geelong, Ironmonger and on the reverse, a female figure representing Justice standing facing left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm is draped to near the elbow while drapery falls from her extended arm to below the horizon line behind; around above, AUSTRALIA. A three-masted sailing ship on horizon at left of token. Surcharged WB
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.01 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: ironmongers, law justice, surcharged tokens
Themes this item is part of: Heaton & Sons Mint, Birmingham, England, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: surcharged strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1857 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in four lines: MOORABOOL STREET / R:PARKER / IRONMONGER. / GEELONG worn, Surcharged WB
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice standing facing left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground . She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm is draped to near the elbow while drapery falls from her extended arm to below the horizon line behind; around above, AUSTRALIA. A three-masted sailing ship on horizon at left of token.
Inscriptions: Obverse: MOORABOOL STREET R:PARKER IRONMONGER. GEELONG surcharged WB
Reverse: AUSTRALIA
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: R Parker, Geelong, Victoria, Australia, 1850-1862
Mint: Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1850-1862
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No.1021

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