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Token - 1 Penny, Late Strike, A. Davidson, Grocer, Wine & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, circa 1918 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3654

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, late strike, minted by Stokes, Melbourne, 1918. First issued by A. Davidson, Grocer, Wine & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, 1862. Archibald Davidson arrived in Melbourne from Girven, Ayrshire, Scotland, in October 1852. He obtained work at the Bank of Australasia in Geelong, but it is believed he then tried his luck on the goldfields. He returned to Melbourne some seven years later, first working as a bookkeeper for David Masterton & Co., before opening a Grocery and Spirit and Wine Merchant's store in Collins Street in 1860, which he ran until his retirement in 1874. After investing in the Great Extended Hustler's Reef mine at Bendigo in 1870, he made so much in dividends that he could afford to retire. Unfortunately he lost a substantial amount of his wealth in land speculation, even so, Davidson retired a wealthy man.

Previous collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of the issuer: A. Davidson, 112 Collins St. East - corner Russell St. Melbourne, grocer, wine and spirit merchant with a Stokes stock coat of arms reverse consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun and on right emu with similar stance. Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is not shaded. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862 around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. The neck of the emu is poorly engraved with additional line to the left, the T of EAST is below the letters AK of MAKER. The standard references for the die used to make this token are: Andrews 13 = Heyde Arms 5 = Sharples Arms 6.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 13.233 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: grocers, late strikes, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: Archibald Davidson, Grocer, Wine & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, Victoria, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: late strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1918 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within line circle, A.DAVIDSON / 112 / COLLINS ST. EAST / CORNER / OF / RUSSEL ST. / MELBOURNE; around, GROCER WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT :
Reverse Description: Coat of arms consisting of a central shield set on grass covered ground and below Rising Sun. On left a kangaroo seated facing out but head back towards sun and on right emu with similar stance. Below ground line and set on bouquet of rose, thistles and shamrock, a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA. The shield is quartered by a cross with a star at the centre and at the end of each arm. The cross is not shaded. The quarters contain: top left, a three-masted sailing ship; top right, a golden fleece; bottom left, an anchor; and bottom right, a wheat sheaf. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862 around below in two lines, T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. The neck of the emu is poorly engraved with additional line to the left, the T of EAST is below the letters AK of MAKER. The standard references for the die used to make this token are: Andrews 13 = Heyde Arms 5 = Sharples Arms 6.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: A.DAVIDSON 112 COLLINS ST. EAST CORNER OF RUSSELL ST. MELBOURNE GROCER WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT
Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 ADVANCE VICTORIA T. STOKES MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE
Shape: round
Material: Bronze
Issued By: A Davidson - Grocer, wine & spirit merchant, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Mint: Stokes (Mint)
Commissioned By: A Davidson - Grocer, wine & spirit merchant, 1862-1918
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 91
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 19

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