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Coin - Drachm, King Alexander III (the Great), Macedonia, 336-323 BC Numismatics Reg. No: NU 2353

Summary:
A silver drachm coin issued in the Empire of Alexander the Great in the period 336-323 BC
Mint: not recorded
Statement Of Significance:
Alexander III, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king of Macedonia. Born in Pella in 356 BC, he was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. By the age of 30, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from the Greece to India. He had a uniform coinage struck throughout his empire, the different mints being indicated by markings on the coin reverses.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 18 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 3.781 g (Weight)
Dimension Comment: Holed and plugged

More information

Themes this item is part of: Eugene von Guerard, Artist (1811-1901), Eugene von Guerard Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection
Primary Classification: COINS
Secondary Classification: Ancient Greek States - Macedonia
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Kings of Macedonia
DateEra: 336-323 BC
Denomination: Drachm
Obverse Description: Head of Herakles wearing lion's skin right
Reverse Description: Zeus seated facing left on throne holding eagle in extended right hand and sceptre in left. Griffin in field left
Edge Description: Plain
Shape: Ovoid
Material: Silver
Issued By: King Alexander III, Macedonia, Ancient Greek States, 336-323 BC
Previous Collection: Eugene von Guerard, pre 1880

Listed in Eugene von Guerard's catalogue, vol.1, p.16. The coin was found in the NGV safe during McArthur Bequest incorporation, about 1904. Note: This is probably not the original coin - von Guerard notes a Griffin for which he paid 10 shillings, but this piece is holed and plugged which does not reflect likely quality of the piece von Guerard purchased. It is perhaps a substitute in the 1960s theft.
Bibliography:
  1. [Catalogue] Pullin, Ruth. 2011. Nature Revealed: Eugene von Guerard.

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