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Token - 1 Penny, Sir Philip Gibbs, Barbados, 1788 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 12022

Summary:
1 Penny token, Issued by, Sir Philip Gibbs, Barbados, 1788.
Gibbs Plantation Token
Minted at Hancock, Birmingham
Statement Of Significance:
Sir Philip Gibbs, owner of the Gibbs plantation, arranged for one and a half hundredweight of these pieces to be struck. The first dies were engraved by J. Milton of the Royal Mint and Hocking, p. 314, believes the pieces were struck at the the Royal Mint. It would seem that they were not an official product of the Royal Mint but a private parcel struck by one of the engravers. This example is from a second circulation issue with dies and manufacture thought to be by J.G. Hancock, Birmingham. The second issue has a characteristic weakness on the second 'A' of BARBADOES. Gibbs tokens are often catalogued as 'Token Coinage' as they achieved widespread circulation throughout Barbados.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 33 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 13.384 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: slavery, pineapples, british empire coins, british commonwealth and empire coins
Themes this item is part of: George McArthur, Collector & Baker (1842-1903), McArthur Bequest, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Barbados
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Plantation
DateEra: 1788 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: The head of a slave facing left, wearing a coronet and three feather plume; below, I SERVE
Reverse Description: At centre, a pineapple; around, BARBADOES . PENNY . 1788 .
Edge Description: Plain
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Sir Philip Gibbs, Barbados, 1788
Mint: Hancock, Birmingham (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1788
Artist: J Hancock
Artist: John Milton - Royal Mint, London
Previous Collection: George McArthur
References: Pridmore 3.14
Remick C1
Hocking 4113
Pridmore, Fred, Coins of the British Commonwealth, Vol. 3 p. 82 - 4
Remick, Jerome, British Commonwealth Coins, p. 61 - 62
Hocking, William, Catalgue Royal Mint, Vol.1 p. 314 - 315
Bibliography:
  1. [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
  2. [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
  3. [Book], Jerome Remick, British Commonwealth Coins, Regency Coin and Stamp Co. Ltd., Winnipeg, 1971
  4. [Book], Major Fred Pridmore, The Coins of the British Commonwealth of Nations, Part 3, West Indies, Spink & Son Ltd., London, 1965
  5. [Book], Mr William Hocking - Royal Mint, London Operative, Catalogue of the Coins, Tokens, Medals, Dies and Seals in the Museum of the Royal Mint, London, 1906

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