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Coin - 5 Guineas, Charles II, Great Britain, 1668 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 538

Summary:
Gold coin; Denomination: 5 Guineas
Tower Mint, London
King Charles II (1660-1685)
Milled coinage, First bust with elephant.

The elephant indicates that the gold used to strike this coin was imported into England by the African Company, whose charter gave them the right to have coins struck. The Guinea was current at 20 shillings or one pound - the name guinea was adopted from the source of the gold, Guinea in Africa. The coins were produced on the new mill and screw method under the direction of Peter Blondeau. The edge includes the regnal year which was not concurrent with the date, but recorded year of rule.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 36.5 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 41.606 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: gold
Themes this item is part of: Royal Mint, London, Royal Mint, Tower Hill, 1809-1975, Early History of London Mints, to 1300, The Royal Mint, Numismatics & Philately Collection
Primary Classification: COINS
Secondary Classification: Great Britain
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
DateEra: 1668 AD
Denomination: 5 Guineas
Obverse Description: Laureate bust of Charles II facing right; below, an elephant facing left; around, CAROLVS . II . DEI . GRATIA
Reverse Description: Four crowned shields bearing the arms of England, Scotland, France and Ireland set to form a cross with four interlinked Cs at centre; in angles, sceptres tipped with an orb, thistle, lis and harp; around, MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX 1668, the date being divided by the crown above the English shield.
Edge Description: In raised lettering, + DECVS ET TVTAMEN ANNO REGNI VICESIMO
Shape: round
Material: Gold
Issued By: King Charles II, London, England, Great Britain, 1668
Mint: Royal Mint, London, London, England, Great Britain, 1668

The Royal Mint was in the Tower of London at the time this coin was struck and is usually referred to as the Tower Mint
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Philip Skingley - Spink & Sons Ltd., Coins of England and the United Kingdom, Spink & Son Ltd., London, 2007, Spink 3329 Pages

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