Coin - Sextans, Luceria, Apulia, Italy, circa 210 BC Numismatics Reg. No: NU 2027

Sextans issued by City of Luceria, Apulia, Italy, Ancient Greek States, circa 210 BC
Minted by Luceria
Statement Of Significance:
The obverse of the coin depicts the Greek goddess Dione who was the mother of Aphrodite in Homer's Illiad (Book V). The reverse depicts a scallop or cockle shell, an image traditionally employed on coins of the sextans denomination by Luceria (see BMC 14 and 43 ). Luceria was a Latin Colony of Rome from about 315 BC. A mint was established in the city during the Second Punic War (218-201 BC) initially casting aes grave pieces on the Roman libral standard. The economic impact of the war with Hannibal saw the amount of copper in the coins decrease and eventually a switch from casting to striking technology. This coin is struck with local designs, suggesting local circulation, the mint also struck coins with standard Roman types for wider circulation. It's copper content was on the sextantal standard, though to have been adopted in 211 BC.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 18 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 6.356 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: cockle shells, scallop shells
Themes this item is part of: Eugene von Guerard, Artist (1811-1901), Eugene von Guerard Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection
Primary Classification: COINS
Secondary Classification: Ancient Greek States - Apulia
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
DateEra: circa 200 BC
Denomination: Sextans
Obverse Description: Head of the Greek goddess Dione facing right laureate and wearing a viel. Behind, two dots (representing the denomination Sextans)
Reverse Description: A scallop shell with hinge down (BM catalogue calls it a cockle shell) in exergue (largely off the flan only the tops of letters can be seen) LVCERI
Edge Description: Plain
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Luceria, Apulia, Italy, Ancient Greek States, circa 200 BC
Previous Collection: Eugene von Guerard, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, pre 1880

Listed in Eugene von Guerard's catalogue, vol.1, p.7. Purchased from Mr Friedlander of Berlin for 6 shillings, pre 1880.
References: BMC. Italy p. 141 no.61
SNG Corpus Christi Part 1 No.106
SNG ANS Part 1 No708
  1. [Book], Reginald Poole - British Museum Coins and Medals, A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Italy, London, 1873
  2. [Book], Professor Michael Crawford, Roman Republican Coinage, Cambridge University Press, 1974, 183, 596 Pages
  3. [Book], Professor Michael Crawford, Coinage & Money under the Roman Republic, London, 1985, 65 Pages
  4. [Catalogue] Pullin, Ruth. 2011. Nature Revealed: Eugene von Guerard.

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