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Coin - Semuncia, Arretium, Etruria, Italy, circa 208 BC Numismatics Reg. No: NU 2000

Summary:
Semuncia issued by Etruria, Italy, Ancient Greek States, circa 208 BC
Attributed to Arretium in Etruria
Statement Of Significance:
Robinson attibutes coins, including this type, bearing the Etruscan letter F as a mint mark, to the important ciy of Arretium. Arretium (modern Arezzo) was the most north-eastern city in Etruria and had been under Roman influence from the 3rd century BC. This city was a centre of anti-Roman tension for a couple of years after 209 BC when it still seemed possible that Hannibal would win the Second Punic War; the Romans needed to move their Apulian army of two legions to the city. This coin, with its traditional Etruscan design may have been issued with intent to influence people against Rome. Later in the war, when Roman victory bacame clear, the city returned to full support of Rome.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 14 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 1.926 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: wars conflicts, bipennis tools double headed axes, second punic war 218-201 bc, wheel tools
Themes this item is part of: Eugene von Guerard, Artist (1811-1901), Eugene von Guerard Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: COINS
Secondary Classification: Ancient Greek States - Etruria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
DateEra: circa 210 BC
Denomination: Semuncia
Obverse Description: Six-spoked wheel
Reverse Description: Bipennis (double headed axe) with handle on left; Etruscan letter which looks like a retrograde 'F' to right.
Edge Description: Plain
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Arretium, Etruria, Italy, Ancient Greek States, circa 208 BC
Mint: Arretium (Mint), Arretium, Etruria, Italy, circa 208 BC

Attributed to Arretium in Etruria. Robinson suggests 208-207 BC
Previous Collection: Eugene von Guerard, Victoria, Australia, pre 1880

Listed in Eugene von Guerard's catalogue, vol.1, p.5. The coin was purchased by Eugene von Guerard for 3 shillings 6 pence from von Haart of New Zealand, before 1880. According to the catalogue von Haart purchased it at Constantina Algusia. The coin became misplaced in the 19th century and was rediscovered in an NGV safe during McArthur Bequest incorporation, about 1904. It was given the origin number 2 in the Chitty list. Incorrectly listed twice in the first NGV coin collection stock book due to a mis-reading of the von Guerrard catalogue.
References: cf. BMC. Greek Coins, Italy, p.19 no. 10.
cf SNG American Numismatic Society Part 1, Etruria - Calabria, No.56 & plate 56.
Dating and proposed mint attribution derived from E.S.G. Robinson, "Coinages of the Second Punic War", NC 1964, p. 46 - 48.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Reginald Poole - British Museum Coins and Medals, A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Italy, London, 1873, 19 Pages
  2. [Catalogue] Pullin, Ruth. 2011. Nature Revealed: Eugene von Guerard.

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