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Coin - Didrachm, Cales, Campania, Italy, circa 268 BC Numismatics Reg. No: NU 2005

Summary:
Didrachm issued by Cales, Campania, Italy, Ancient Greek States, circa 268 BC
Minted by Cales (modern Calvi)
Statement Of Significance:
Cales (modern Calvi) was the site of a Roman Latin Colony from 334 BC. Occupied by the Aurunci, a group from the Latium-Campania border region of Italy, it was apparently part of the area conquered by Rome circa 313 BC after which Cales became the centre of Roman rule in Campania. This didrachm appears to be contemporary with the second Roman didrachm issue (RRC 20 Hercules/Wolf and twins) and struck to the same standard, 7.1 g. Cales became an important Roman base during the second Punic war, though like many Italian cities it lost faith in Roman victory briefly in 209 BC.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 22 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 7.11 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: horsedrawn vehicles, bigas 2 horse chariots
Themes this item is part of: Eugene von Guerard, Artist (1811-1901), Eugene von Guerard Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Transport Collection
Primary Classification: COINS
Secondary Classification: Ancient Greek States - Campania
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
DateEra: circa 268 BC
Denomination: Didrachm
Obverse Description: Head of the Greek goddess Pallas Athena (sometimes called the Roman Minerva) to right wearing a crested Corinthian helmet, earring and necklace. Behind her head is a spear head and below a poorly formed letter, perhaps O
Reverse Description: The Greek goddess of Victory, Nike, driving a fast biga to left holding reins in left hand and whip in right; in exergue, CALENO
Edge Description: Plain
Shape: Round
Material: Silver
Issued By: Cales, Campania, Italy, Ancient Greek States, circa 268 BC
Previous Collection: Eugene von Guerard, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, by 1880

Catalogue Vol.1, p. 6 source F.B. (Friedlander, Berlin)
References: cf. BMC. Italy page77 No.5 but spear head behind head
cf. SNG. ANS Part 1 Nos 170 - 173 but spear head behind head
Oxford Classical Dictionary entries for Aurunci and Cales. Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage Vol.1 p. 137
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Reginald Poole - British Museum Coins and Medals, A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Italy, London, 1873, 77 Pages
  2. [Catalogue] Pullin, Ruth. 2011. Nature Revealed: Eugene von Guerard.

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