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Token - 1 Penny, J.C. Thornthwaite, Die Sinker & Medallist, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia, 1854 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4445

Summary:
Copper one Penny Token, minted and issued by J.C. Thornthwaite of New South Wales, in 1854. Thornthwaite was the first person to manufacture tokens and medals in Australia. Migrating to Sydney in 1849, his tokens are noteworthy for the lack of clarity of detail in design because the dies were not cut deep enough and he lacked the tools to produce high quality tokens. Thornthwaite also worked as a medallist, particularly after tokens were made illegal in NSW in 1868.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm dia) featuring the name and buisness of the issuer:
J.C. Thornthwaite, Die Sinker and Medallist
The reverse features an Arms of New South Wales supported by a kangaroo and emu.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 17.298 g (Weight)

More information

Themes this item is part of: John Craven Thornthwaite, Token Maker & Medalist, Sydney, New South Wales (1820-?), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1854 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Within line circle, two roses; around which, . DIE SINKER . / [AND] / MEDALIST; around above, J.C.THORNTHWAITE; around below, . BOURNE STREET SURRY HILLS . The obverse surface is quite pitted.
Reverse Description: Australian arms; around above, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA; below, 1854
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: J.C.THORNTHWAITE BOURNE STREET SURRY HILLS DIE SINKER [AND] MEDALLIST
Reverse: ADVANCE AUSTRALIA 1854
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: John Thornthwaite, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia, 1854
Mint: John Thornthwaite, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia, 1854
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 579
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 251

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