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Token - 1 Penny, Whitty & Brown Mint, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, circa 1860 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4526

Summary:
Australia New South Wales Sydney
Whitty & Brown Token Penny c.1860 (AD)
Mint: Whitty & Brown

Standard References: Andrews 627 = Heyde 275/4
Description:
A round copper token (33 mm diameter). The token design featuring the name the issuer and manufacturer: Whitty & Brown, Sydney. It features the head of a male facing left and a representation of Justice standing blindfolded holding scales and an inverted cornucopiae spilling fruit on the ground. A sailing ship is on the horizon. The die work is of poor quality and the token weakly struck. This token is cleaned and varnished.


This token was struck during the second stage of the obverse and reverse dies. In Stage 1 the obverse has fairly realistic rendition of the hair, with the side-burns extending to the top of the ear-lobe, the truncation of the neck comes to a slightly upturned point and the word SYDNEY is 18.0 mm long. Stage 2 has the hair formed by scratched lines with the side-burn extending half way along the jaw, the word SYDNEY is 19 mm long. Stage 1 of the reverse is easiest to recognise by the fold of cloth which curves over the right shoulder and arm of Justice, on Stage 2 it is reformed as a sleeve squared off half way down the arm.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 33 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 12.297 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: art
Themes this item is part of: Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Whitty & Brown Mint, Medal Makers, Sydney, New South Wales, Whitty & Brown Mint, Medal Makers, Sydney, New South Wales
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1860 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Head of man facing to left (some die deterioration in field from forehead head has been re-engraved on die); around, WHITTY & BROWN MAKERS; below, SYDNEY
Reverse Description: Justice standing facing left on sea shore blindfolded and holding balanced scales in right hand, left hand holds inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow, sailing ship in background at left; above, NEW SOUTH WALES
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: WHITTY & BROWN MAKERS SYDNEY
Reverse: NEW SOUTH WALES
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Whitty & Brown (Mint), Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Mint: Whitty & Brown (Mint), Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1850-1868
Previous Collection: Dr William Howat
References: Andrews 627 = Heyde 275/4

"Whitty was a brass founder, Brown an engraver. After dissolution of their partnership, Whitty continued to produce crudely cast pieces which were accepted as currency equally with struck tokens "the public being not in the least particular" (dr. Mark Long in Spinks' Numismatic Circular, Sept., 1898)." Heyde p. 85

The large issues manufactured and issued by the firm Whitty and Brown employed three obverse and four reverse dies.
The company had problems with the dies and repaired them. The museum storage is based on major re-working of the dies, not fine details of deterioration as Andrews and Heyde have listed.

This type, the head obverse and Justice reverse has two stages. Stage 1 has fairly realistic rendition of the hair, with the side-burns extending to the top of the ear-lobe, the truncation of the neck comes to a slightly upturned point and the word SYDNEY is 18.0 mm long. Stage 2 has the hair formed by scratched lines with the side-burn extending half way along the jaw, the word SYDNEY is 19 mm long. Stage 1 of the reverse is easiest to recognise by the fold of cloth which curves over the right shoulder and arm of Justice, on Stage 2 it is reformed as a sleeve squared off half way down the arm.
See NU 11639 for stage 1.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967

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