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Token - 1 Penny, W.D. Wood, Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 1855 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 29369

Summary:
Australia Tasmania Hobart
W.D. Wood Token Penny 1855
Mint: Uncertain British
Previous Collections: Henry Smith
Standard References: Andrews 640 = Heyde 278
Other Details: W.D. Wood ran the Montpellier Retreat Inn in Hobart Town and was a wine and spirit merchant. This token was struck with dies A/1, see References for details of die identification.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) featuring the name, address and business of the company which issued the tokens: W.D. Wood, Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart Town, wine and spirit merchant. The reverse features a corner view of the inn with the front door open and Wood standing behind the bar on which sits a wine jug.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Mr Robert Edwards - Museum of Victoria, 1988
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.270 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: hotels, inns, wine spirit merchants
Themes this item is part of: W.D. Wood, Hotelier, Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart, Tasmania (1821-1866), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Sustainable Futures Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Tasmania
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1855 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre, W.D. WOOD / WINE / & / SPIRIT / MERCHANT around, MONTPELLIER RETREAT . HOBART TOWN .
Reverse Description: Corner view of hotel; above, HOBART TOWN; in exergue, 1855; in small letters around hotel eves, MONTPELLIER RETREAT W.D.WOOD WINE MERCHANT. Wood can be seen through the front door serving behind the bar on which sits a wine or beer jug.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: W.D. WOOD WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT MONTPELLIER RETREAT HOBART TOWN
Reverse: HOBART TOWN 1855 MONTPELLIER RETREAT W.D.WOOD WINE MERCHANT
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: W Wood - Montpellier Retreat Inn, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 1855
Previous Collection: Mr Henry Smith
References: Andrews 640 = Heyde 278

Wood issued two types of penny tokens. This one, dated 1855 is classified as dies A/1 as dated pieces are listed before undated in Andrews. However the heavier weight of the second type argues that it is the earlier, dies B/2. Further, it offers the statement "payable on demand here Montpellier Retreat Inn" also suggesting an earlier issue.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967

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