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Token - 1 Penny, James Wallace, Grocer, Wellington, New Zealand, 1859 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 36202

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor, London. Issued by James Wallace, Grocer, Wellington, 1859. James Wallace first appears in Wellington's records with an entry in the city's 1853 Almanac. The New Zealand Almanac for 1855 included two advertisements for businesses on Lambton Quay run under the name of Wallace. The first was for 'J.H. Wallace, Auctioneer and General Commission Merchant.' The other 'Messrs. G. & J. Wallace [who] respectfully inform their friends and the public, that there will always be at their stores, Lambton Quay, a well-selected stock of Groceries, of first-rate quality, and which will be disposed of at low rates?Orders from the country carefully fulfilled and executed without delay.'
Description:
A round copper token (29 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: James Wallace, Grocer, Wellington. The reverse a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.694 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: grocers, law justice
Themes this item is part of: James Wallace, Grocer, Wellington, New Zealand (circa 1830-?), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1859 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in four lines; JAMES WALLACE / GROCER / &c. / . WELLINGTON .
Reverse Description: Female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. iIn exergue, 1859
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: JAMES WALLACE GROCER &c. WELLINGTON
Reverse: 1859
Material: Copper
Issued By: James Wallace - Grocer, Wellington, North Island, New Zealand, 1859
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1859
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 592
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 258
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 345
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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