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Token - Halfpenny, J.C. Thornthwaite, Die Sinker & Medallist, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia, 1854 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 4450

Summary:
Copper Halfpenny Token, minted and issued by J.C. Thornthwaite of New South Wales, in 1854. Thornthwaite was the first person to manufacture tokens and medals in Australia. Migrating to Sydney in 1849, his tokens are noteworthy for the lack of clarity of detail in design because the dies were not cut deep enough and he lacked the tools to produce high quality tokens. Thornthwaite also worked as a medallist, particularly after tokens were made illegal in NSW in 1868.
Description:
A round copper token (28 mm dia) featuring the name and buisness of the issuer, J.C. Thornthwaite, Die Sinker Medallist and an Arms of New South Wales supported by a kangaroo and emu. This token has been cleaned and varnished.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 27 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 8.112 g (Weight)

More information

Themes this item is part of: John Craven Thornthwaite, Token Maker & Medalist, Sydney, New South Wales (1820-?), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Alfred Chitty Collection
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - New South Wales
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1854 AD
Denomination: Halfpenny
Obverse Description: Within line circle, two roses; around which, . DIE SINKER . / AND / MEDALLIST; around above, J.C.THORNTHWAITE; around below, . BOURNE STREET SURRY HILLS .
Reverse Description: Australian arms; around above, SYDNEY NEW SOUTH WALES; below, 1854 . On ribbon below Arms, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: J.C.THORNTHWAITE BOURNE STREET SURRY HILLS DIE SINKER AND MEDALLIST
Reverse: SYDNEY NEW SOUTH WALES 1854 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: John Thornthwaite, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia, 1854
Mint: John Thornthwaite, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia, 1854
Previous Collection: Mr Alfred Chitty
References: The word medallist was originally mis-spelled MEDALIST on this die (see NU 4448). Thornthwaite attempted to correct it and this is from the corrected form. It now seems to read MEDALLISIT.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 582
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 250/3

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