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Token - 1 Penny, Professor Holloway's, Pills & Ointment, London, England, Great Britain, 1858 Reg. No: NU 4597
- Copper One Penny Token minted by J. Moore of Birmingham. Issued to promote Professor Holloway's pills and ointments in 1858. Holloway tokens are presumed to have been circulated worldwide throughout retailers of Holloway products. Holloway's tokens were produced in large numbers and have proven the most common token finds on Melbourne archaeological sites.
Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria by exchange from Melbourne Mint
- A round copper striking of a Professor Holloway token (34 mm diameter). The token features a profile head of Professor Holloway and a rendition of the classical goddess Hygeia (the ancient Greek goddess of health) seated looking at snake drinking from a cup she holds in her left hand, the snake is curled around a burning altar, an orb rests on altar on her right side. The legend promotes Holloway's pills and ointments and gives the date 1858. There is a hint of a small extra curl at the top of the forehead (perhaps a die flaw).
- Acquisition Information:
- Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1976
|Dimensions:||34 mm (Diameter)|
|Weight:||16.278 g (Weight)|
|Tagged with:||healthcare medicine|
|Themes this item is part of:||Joseph Moore, Medal Designer (1817-?), Medicine in Society Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint|
|Primary Classification:||TRADE TOKENS|
|Secondary Classification:||Great Britain - England|
|Tertiary Classification:||working strikes|
|Obverse Description:||Head of Professor Holloway facing left with J. MOORE (the maker's name) incuse on neck truncation; around, PROFESSOR HOLLOWAY; below, LONDON. There is a hint of a small extra curl at the top of the forehead (perhaps a die flaw).|
|Reverse Description:||Hygeia (the ancient Greek goddess of health) seated looking at snake drinking from a cup she holds in her left hand, the snake is curled around a burning altar, an orb rests on altar on her right side, around; HOLLOWAY'S PILLS AND OINTMENTS, in exergue, 1858. The maker's initials, JM incuse on the right of the exergue line.|
|Inscriptions:||Obverse: PROFESSOR HOLLOWAY LONDON J. MOORE
Reverse: HOLLOWAY'S PILLS AND OINTMENTS 1858
|Issued By:||Professor Holloway, London, England, Great Britain, 1858|
|Mint:||Joseph Moore (Mint), London, England, Great Britain, 1858|
|Place & Date Used:||Australia, circa 1858-1890s|
|Previous Collection:||Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch|
|Previous Collection:||National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, circa 1919-1976
Acquired by National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) by exchange with the Royal Melbourne Mint.
Holloway's tokens were struck in such large numbers that the minting technique of hubbing was clearly employed. In this a master tool, having the full appearance of the final token for the obverse and reverse is manufactured in steel. This is then used to prepare working dies. This technique makes the identification of individual dies from variations in rim bead counts or alignment of lettering impossible. Researchers have noted minor variations in the lowest relief areas of the tokens that may be the result of variations of quality of the die production off the hub (Heyde p. 49) or minor tooling.
There is a hint a small extra curl at the top of the forehead (perhaps a die flaw) the triple tuff is "thinner" - should follow Heyde and not classify these minor variants as different types.
This item is part of the following themes:
- Joseph Moore, Medal Designer (1817-?)
- Medicine in Society Collection
- Numismatics & Philately Collection
- Working Life & Trades Collection
- Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria
- Branch Mints of the Royal Mint
- Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint
- Closure of Melbourne Mint
- Melbourne Mint during World War II
- Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872
- Melbourne Mint