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Token - 1 Penny, J. Hosie, The Scotch Pie Shop, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 3934

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne, 1862. Issued by J. Hosie, The Scotch Pie Shop, Melbourne. James Hosie came to Melbourne in 1853 from Leith, Scotland. Hosie initially worked as a shoemaker, in Melbourne at the Western Markets and at the gold fields at Mount Blackwood. He returned to Melbourne and opened a shop, his father had opened a pie shop next door and his success led James to follow suit. He was successful enough to move to better premises and then open both a hotel (the Baths Hotel) and Hosie's Baths, which were both successful businesses. Hosie invested heavily in land speculation at places such as Apollo Bay and Altona Bay. Unfortunately the boom burst and he had to go back to the mainspring of his wealth: selling pies. His last shop was in Little Collins Street. He died on March 30 1900, having made and lost a fortune, still running his pie shop.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria by exchange with Melbourne Mint
Description:
A round copper token giving the name address and business of the issuer: J. Hosie, The Scotch Pie Shop, 10 & 12 Bourke St. East, Melbourne. On the reverse an emu standing facing left in front of a rising sun with thirteen long light rays. Below on a scroll the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA (without the spread bouquet of rose thistle and shamrock emerging below scroll that occurs on all other stock emu dies). Around above, VICTORIA . 1862, around below in two lines, T. STOKES _ MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. Border of 122 beads, the beak of the emu is cut by the 6th ray.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1976
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 18.200 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: food, pies, retail trade, retailing, take away food
Themes this item is part of: James Hosie, Baker, Melbourne, Victoria (circa 1830s-1900), Domestic & Community Life Collection, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
On Display at: Melbourne Museum
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: Australia - Victoria
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At centre within a line circle, J. HOSIE / 10 & 12 / BOURKE ST. / EAST with a thistle under the name; around THE SCOTCH PIE SHOP : MELBOURNE : The leaves of the thistle point below the J and below the E of J. HOSIE and the flower points to the letter H.
Reverse Description: At centre an emu standing facing left in front of a rising sun with thirteen long light rays. Below on a scroll the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA (without the spread bouquet of rose thistle and shamrock emerging below scroll that occurs on all other stock emu dies). Around above, VICTORIA . 1862, around below in two lines, T. STOKES _ MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. Border of 122 beads, the beak of the emu is cut by the 6th ray.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: J. HOSIE 10 & 12 BOURKE ST. EAST THE SCOTCH PIE SHOP MELBOURNE
Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 ADVANCE VICTORIA T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS STREET EAST MELBOURNE
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: J Hosie - The Scotch Pie Shop, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, circa 1919-1976

Acquired by National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) by exchange with the Royal Melbourne Mint.
References: Stokes had difficulty with dies breaking during the manufacture of Hosie's tokens. Three obverse dies were made and combined with six different stock reverse dies. There is no die linking between the obverses suggesting that a period of time passed between each die failing and the next being brought into use. See Sharples NAA 7 p.43-44.
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 267
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 121/2
  3. [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 94

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