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Token - 1 Penny, Day & Mieville, Merchants, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand, 1857 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 29458

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor, London. Issued by Day & Mieville, Merchants, Dunedin, 1857. These two men were in business together from 1857, but their partnership dates from 1 November 1858, when Walter Day took Francis Louis Mieville into partnership in his hardware business. From 1851 Day had run a hardware business in Dunedin. In addition to selling hardware, the partners were 'contractors, builders and storekeepers. The firm was licenced to sell powder, shot and firearms from 1861. Walter Day was appointed Sub-Treasurer and Accountant for the Province of Otago in 1862 and became Acting Provincial Treasurer. Mieville had been a sheep farmer in Mataura Mouth in 1853 and married the following year, by 1904 he was in London.

Previous Collections: Henry Smith
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: Day and Mieville, merchants, Dunedin, Otago. The reverse depicts a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow.
Acquisition Information:
Donation from Mr Robert Edwards - Museum of Victoria, 1988
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 14.67 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: retail trade, retailing
Themes this item is part of: Day & Mieville, Merchants, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand, Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1857 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in four lines: DAY & MIEVILLE / MERCHANTS / DUNEDIN / OTAGO
Reverse Description: A female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. Around above, NEW ZEALAND in exergue, 1857
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: DAY & MIEVILLE MERCHANTS DUNEDIN OTAGO
Reverse: NEW ZEALAND 1857
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Day & Mieville Merchants, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand, 1857

Donor: Mr R Edwards 1988
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1857
Previous Collection: Mr Henry Smith
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 98
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 57
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 314
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

Comments

Vaughn Humberstone Posted on 06 Dec 2009 9:18 AM
Tokens were NOT demonetised in NZ in 1897. They were never at any stage legal tender, so how can something that has no legal status ever be demonetised? In fact, tokens ceased to circulate in NZ soon after 1876, when plentiful supplies of Imperial coinage finally arrived in NZ (notwithstanding Milner & Thompson's dubious issues of 1881). Thus, by 1897, tradesmen's tokens had long since disappeared from circulation in NZ. The application of the 1870 Imperial Coinage Act of Great Britain to NZ in March 1897 simply stated that British coins only were the sole legal tender coinage of NZ, but this had always been the case since 1840 anyway. This, the Act of 1897 made absolutely no legal or practical difference to NZ circulating currency.
Regarding the date of the Day & Mieville tokens, this business partnership was formed on 1 November 1858 (Otago Witness, 5 February 1859, business notice). Day & Mieville only paid for one die to be engraved, so W.J. Taylor paired their obverse die with the reverse die previouly used for the 1857 tokens of Archibald Clark and A.S. Wilson. Thus, the tokens were struck soon after 1858, despite the date of 1857.
I am in the process of completing a 277 page unpublished manuscript giving comprehensive biographical information on all but one of NZs 46 token issues. I would be happy to supply a copy if you are interested (or alternatively, I can email attachments on certain token issuers).
A note regarding the attribution of the token maker, I have used information from Lampard, 1981, who states that W.J. Taylor's tokens were struck in Melbourne. However, it is known that he resided in and was in business in London, so were his tokens struck in London or Melbourne (or did Thomas Stokes in Melbounre secure orders from Taylor to supply the NZ issuers with?).
Discovery Centre Posted on 14 Dec 2009 12:50 PM
Museum Victoria Comment
Hi Vaughn, thanks for your comments and information. We've referred this to one of our History & Technology curators and will get back to you soon.
Discovery Centre Posted on 14 Dec 2009 1:32 PM
Museum Victoria Comment
Hi Vaughn, thanks again for your information and the offer of your research. We look forward to receiving this and will update our records as appropriate once we've had a look at the information contained therein.
Dameon hubbard Posted on 04 Feb 2010 12:45 PM
I have reciently aquired one of these coins as was wondering if there was any idea of how many were minted?
Discovery Centre Posted on 08 Feb 2010 3:29 PM
Museum Victoria Comment
Hi Dameon, we recommend you take a look at a book titled 'Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens and Bank Notes' by the Royal Numismatics society of New Zealand Incorporated.

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