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Token - 1 Penny, S. Clarkson, Importer & Wholesaler, Christchurch, New Zealand, 1875 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 38482

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor, London. Issued by S. Clarkson, Importer & Wholesaler, Christchurch, 1875. Samuel Clarkson was 14 years old when he arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand, with his father. In April 1851 they were joined by his mother and siblings, the family then moved to Christchurch. In 1857 he married a Miss Lodge. Samuel followed his father's trade, working as a carpenter and contractor, he became a person of note after building a spectacular five-roomed house. After several years opened a wholesale builder's merchant's warehouse. He was a wholesaler for some years, and after retiring continued his involvement in the construction industry, acting as agent for a number of construction materials companies.

Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: S. Clarkson, importer, Cashel Street, Christchurch. The reverse features a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, both arms bare.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 1998
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 11.378 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: import trade, retail trade, retailing
Themes this item is part of: Samuel Clarkson, Importer & Wholesaler, Christchurch, New Zealand (1836-1895), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, United Kingdom
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: 1875 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: At top above foliage, S. CLARKSON below foliage in five lines: IMPORTER / CASHEL STREET / CHRIST / CHURCH / NEW ZEALAND
Reverse Description: A female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, both arms bare. Above, NEW ZEALAND in exergue, 1875.
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: S. CLARKSON IMPORTER CASHEL STREET CHRIST CHURCH NEW ZEALAND
Reverse: NEW ZEALAND 1875
Shape: Round
Material: Copper
Issued By: Samuel Clarkson - Importer & Wholesaler, Christchurch, Canterbury, South Island, New Zealand, 1875
Mint: W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain, 1875
Previous Collection: National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) Numismatics Collection, pre 1976
References: W.J. Taylor employed four obverse dies and two reverse dies to manufacture the token order from Clarkson. Identification of the die combination employed in the manufacture of a token is the key to standard references and the museum storage system. The dies can be differentiated as follows:

Obverse below name W to Z
A BUILDER 2.5 mm
B foliage 2.5 mm
C foliage 4.6 mm
D foliage 3.2 mm

Reverse W to Z Barrel boards letter A
1 3 mm not shown cross bar complete Note: the same die used for Gaisford & Edmonds
2 2 mm clearly defined cross bar not complete

The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1, B/1, C/2, D/2 (this token)
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 68
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967, No. 42/3
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 331c
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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