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Token - 1 Penny, S. Hague Smith, Ironmonger, Auckland, New Zealand, circa 1862 Numismatics Reg. No: NU 38484

Summary:
Copper One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Son, Birmingham. Issued by S. Hague Smith, Ironmonger, Auckland, circa 1862. Samuel Hague Smith was born in Lincolnshire in 1840. He arrived in New Zealand in 1859 and established himself as an Ironmonger and shipowner in Auckland. He achieved prominence as a politician, and it has been suggested that Smith's tokens may have been part of his successful campaign for the Newtown seat in the Provincial Council in 1870. Smith fought during the Maori wars and was rewarded with a block of land on Auckland's waterfront at Northcote. He later moved to Sydney, where he became a director of the Colonial Mutual Life Insurance Company. He died in Sydney in 1917. This token commemorated the death of Prince Albert on 14 Dec. 1861.
Description:
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: S. Hague Smith, Auckland, wholesale and retail Ironmonger. The reverse features a profile head of Prince Albert and gives the dates of his birth and death - August 26 1819 to 14 December 1861.
Acquisition Information:
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Discipline: Numismatics
Dimensions: 34 mm (Diameter)
Weight: 15.391 g (Weight)

More information

Tagged with: ironmongers, queen victoria
Themes this item is part of: S. Hague Smith, Ironmonger, Auckland, New Zealand (1840-1917), Numismatics & Philately Collection, Working Life & Trades Collection, Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch, Melbourne, Victoria, Stokes & Son, Medal Makers, Melbourne, Victoria & Sydney, New South Wales, Branch Mints of the Royal Mint, Deputy Masters of the Melbourne Branch of the Royal Mint, Closure of Melbourne Mint, Melbourne Mint during World War II, Establishment of Melbourne Mint, 1872, Melbourne Mint
Primary Classification: TRADE TOKENS
Secondary Classification: New Zealand
Tertiary Classification: working strikes
Series: Trade Tokens
DateEra: circa 1862 AD
Denomination: 1 Penny
Obverse Description: Legend in five lines with the maker's name between to straight lines: WHOLESALE & RETAIL / IRONMONGER / S. HAGUE SMITH / MERCHANT / AUCKLAND
Reverse Description: Profile head of Albert left, bare, around above PRINCE ALBERT around below BORN AUGT. 26 1819 DIED DECR. 14 1861
Edge Description: Plain
Inscriptions: Obverse: WHOLESALE & RETAIL IRONMONGER S. HAGUE SMITH MERCHANT AUCKLAND
Reverse: PRINCE ALBERT BORN AUGT. 26 1819 DIED DECR. 14 1861
Shape: round
Material: Copper
Issued By: S Smith - Ironmonger, Auckland, North Island, New Zealand, circa 1862
Mint: Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862-1870

This attribution was made by Andrews p.84, and followed by Lampart p.55, but it seems doubtful Stokes could have cut this portrait in 1862. Probably a British maker was involved in what was a massive issue with seven obverse dies which were hubbed. The latter complication in itself suggests it was not Stokes. - J.S., Dec 2004.
Previous Collection: Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch
References: The S. Hague Smith issue required seven obverse and three reverse dies for its production. The identification of the dies employed in the production of a particular token are the basis of the standard references and the museum storage system. The dies can be identified as follows:

Obverse AUCKLAND W to line A under D under Other
A 17.8 mm 2.0 mm M NT Die chipped above RE of RETAIL
B 19.5 mm 2.0 mm M T E of IRONMONGER & A of MERCHANT re-entered
C 18.0 mm 1.5 mm ME NT D of AUCKLAND re-entered also die cracked under D
D 19.3 mm 1.0 mm M NT Edge chipped 08 to 10
E 20.8 mm 1.6 mm M T die cracked E & RETAIL
F 19.5 mm 0.8 mm M NT A of AUCKLAND RE-ENTERED edge chipped 06 & 08
G ? ? M T Reported by George Dean further details needed


Reverse After 1819 P of PRINCE to B of BORN
Bibliography:
  1. [Book], Dr Arthur Andrews, Australasian Tokens and Coins, Trustees of the Mitchell Library, Sydney, Sydney, 1921, No. 470
  2. [Book], Dion Skinner - Renniks & Co Pty Ltd, Gilbert Heyde, Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand, 1967
  3. [Book], William Lampard, Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes, Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Incorporated, Wellington, 1981, No. 341
  4. [Book], Vaughn Humberstone, Merchants Making Money, 2010

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