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Australian Coastal Radio Service, 1912-2012
Image: Handbook - Radiotelephone Ship Station Operators, Melbourne Coastal Radio Station, 1992
Source: Museum Victoria
The first Australian Coastal Radio Station opened in Melbourne's Domain on 8th February 1912. It was part of the Commonwealth Government decision to build a network of stations around Australia. By 1914 there were 19 Coastal Radio Stations in the network at: Melbourne, Hobart, Sydney, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Thursday Island, Port Moresby, Mount Gambier, Geraldton, Rockhampton, Cooktown, Esperance, Townsville, Broome, Darwin, Flinders Island, Roebourne and Wyndham.
In 1914, regulations governing safety at sea were established at the International Conference on Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) in London. The conference had taken to heart the lessons learnt from the sinking of the Titanic in April 1912.
The principal means of communication of the Coastal Radio Stations was morse telegraphy. By the late 1920s, electronic valve equipment had replaced the original spark gap transmitters and crystal detectors.
In 1947, the Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia) took over responsibility for the coastal network. Use of maritime communication rapidly increased until the 1990s, for example six new stations were built in the 1960s. Decline in use set in when satellite technologies were introduced in the early 1990s and many stations were closed or downgraded.
In 1992, the Overseas Telecommunications Commission (Australia) was merged with Telecom to form Telstra.
On 31st January 1999 the morse telegraphy service was closed down after 87 years.
In 2000, a contract was awarded to a New Zealand company to build two new digitally based stations in Western Australia and Queensland, remotely controlled from Canberra. These stations provide weather and navigation warnings to shipping over 300 gross tonnes using radio and satellite. Ships less than 300 gross tonnes are served by radio networks controlled by State Governments.
All the Telstra Coastal Radio Stations were closed down on 30 June 2002.
Hewitson, Peter 2007, 'A brief history of the Australian Coastal Radio Service' Australian MCS http://coastradio.info/history.html, accessed Mar 2012
Items per page: 10 50 (showing 31 - 40) 260 items
MonAmi Hi-Lighter Pen, Made in Korea. This equipment was collected from the Melbourne Coastal Radio Station after it was closed in July 2002. In addition to communications equipment a ...Images: 1
Whiteboard Marker pen, made by Kuretake Co.Ltd. in Japan. This equipment was collected from the Melbourne Coastal Radio Station after it was closed in July 2002. In addition to commun ...Images: 1
Framed printed 'Statement of Quality' Policy, (with signatures) issued by Telstra Corporation Limited. This equipment was collected from the Melbourne Coastal Radio Station after it w ...Images: 1
Framed printed poster entitled 'Instructions for Rescue in the case of APPARENT DEATH'. This equipment was collected from the Melbourne Coastal Radio Station after it was closed in Ju ...Images: 1
Booklet entitled 'Radio Services User Guide' which is a guide to Telstra Radio Services for users on land, at sea or in the air. At Melbourne Coastal Radio Station this booklet was stor ...Images: 1
Wire-bound booklet entitled 'The Pocket Guide' which is a guide to Telstra products and services for operators. At Melbourne Coastal Radio Station this booklet was stored in yellow wire ...Images: 1
An Australian and Overseas Telecommunications Corporation (AOTC) Redundancy Agreement document. At Melbourne Coastal Radio Station this document was stored in yellow wire filing basket. ...Images: 1
Telephone assistance documents comprising various telephone number lists and photocopies of directory pages. At Melbourne Coastal Radio Station these documents were stored in a yellow ...Images: 1
Partially used packet of Reflex A4 copy paper. Stored in blue wire filing basket on radio desk. This equipment was collected from the Melbourne Coastal Radio Station after it was clo ...Images: 1
Green sponge ball microphone cover. This equipment was collected from the Melbourne Coastal Radio Station after it was closed in July 2002. In addition to communications equipment and ...Images: 1